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23 dairy farming (buffalo and cows), dairy/milk products and others milk processing projects in cd

23 dairy farming (buffalo and cows), dairy/milk products and others milk processing projects in cd
Author: EIRI Books
ISBN: 9788189765453
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Additional Details

START A DAIRY FARM

MAIN CONSIDERATIONS IN SHORT:

LOCATION AND MARKETING: Please check about the location and the marketing opportunities before starting the dairy farm. In India eventhough there is no problem withregard to marketing, even then the private sector market is very unreliable and not trustworth. Keeping this in view , every State government has floated some cooperative society so as to collect the milk from the farmers and sell it in the market. However, the milk route and proximity to milk route should be checked before starting the same. Normally Cooperative societies pay lesser than the private market. However, procurement is guaranteed irrespective of the higher milk production from your side. All you have to concentrate is producing more milk and the marketing worries are left to the Federation or cooperative. Further these societies also provide better knowledge of maintenance, knowledge withregard to feed and fodder and also help the government withregard to implementation of different schemes benefiting the farmers.

2. CLIMATE SUITABILITY & DECISION ON THE BREED : Before purchasing the cows please consult with some experienced person with regard to the breed which will live properly under the climatic condition where you are setting the farm.

3. CONSTRUCTION OF FARM KEEPING IN VIEW THE COW COMFORT: Any type of shed is alright for cows if the following is kept in mind considering the cow comfort:

a. The floor should not be slippery, since the cows always remain under stress,

b. There should be enough ventilation for taking the smell out, since it affects the cows respiratory system in a slower way,

c. Overally the cow comfort should be considered. Please make the shed with little bit of emotions since your pet cows will be staying in that shed;

d. Even after construction of the shed, if stress symptoms are observed in the cow, then monitor their movements and take appropriate action

4. WASTE DISPOSAL: Before construction of the farm please ensure that the water flowing out of the farm is not allowed to waste. Some times it becomes a health hazard if constructed inside the village, town or city. It should be used and disposed off in a environment friendly way. For example, you can divert the water in to a Bio-Gas plant which will take the methane gas out and provide you the much needed energy to cook, light. If the gas quantity is high you can use a small generator for generating electricity there by saving the main GRID for the Pump sets. Methane gas is 20 times more harmful as compared to carbon dioxide. As such these cows are already there in some part of this earth and polluting. By keeping them in the farm and treating their wastes through the Bio-gas plant you will be contributing towards Green earth.


5. DIET FOR THE COWS: This depends on various conditions, i.e. Milking or Dry, quantity of milk, etc. However as a thumb rule for a normal milking cow of 10 ltrs per day and approximate of 6 kgs of concentrate feed, 40 Kgs of Green Fodder and 5 to 10 Kgs. Of Dry fodder should be sufficient.


5.1.. FODDER MANAGEMENT: This is one of the most important factors in the dairy farm. You should have sufficient land to cultivate Grass and other Green eatables for the cows. Dry fooder also should be procured at the right time and stocked at your farm.

5.2.  AZOLLA COULTIVATION : If you donot have sufficient place to grow grass then atleast Azolla should be grown at the farm. It is proven well by the research that Azolla helps in increasing the milk yield and by saving feed cost. For Details of Azola cultivation please clIck here.


6. METHODS OF INCREASING MILK AND REDUCING POLLUTION: GO TO THE PAGE


THESE ARE THE INTIAL TIPS FROM OTHER EXPERTS WHICH SHOULD HELP IN  STARTING A FARM :

WHY DAIRY FARM :

It is eco-friendly and does not cause environmental pollution as compared to other industries.

Requirement of skilled labour is relatively less.

Dairy product market is active round the year.

Minimum investment on inventory. (No need to to stock raw materials in huge quantities.)

Entire establishment can be shifted to a new location (if need arises e.g. Fire, Floods etc.)

One can insure animals.

Less energy requirement. Biogas plant fed with cow dung can supply maximum energy to meet farms day to day requirement. Decomposed slurry of such plant can also be effectively used as organic manure.

Limitations and Constraints :

Breeding of animals and getting expected milk yield is a biological phenomenon, which depends upon various factors.

Dairy farming besides good planning requires hardworking, reliable and alert manager. In India, usually persons from the family take the responsibility.

Inadequate management of feeding ,heard health and lack of quality control in various stage of production can cause major loss affecting the profitability of the entire venture.

Starting the Farm - How to begin...

One needs to decide first on the aims and objective of the farm. Every year there should be a progressive aim for breeding ( including number of animals to be maintained) and production.

You can visit dairy farms that run on commercial basis and have a discussion with experienced farm owners. You need not have to rely much on others experience, analyze every event logically and if needed consult with local Veterinarians for more information.

If you plan to manage the farm on your own, look for opportunities to work for an existing farm for a minimum period of six months.

Develop interest and study feed and fodder's market in your region, its difficulties in relation to seasons.
Manage a good team of labourers. You need to choose hardworking reliable persons preferably with some experience. You can also train them for specific jobs.

Visit the cattle market occasionally. Observe animals on sale and talk with persons engaged with purchasing of animals.

Read magazines on Dairy Industry and keep yourself informed.

Getting some initial professional training...

Opportunities for training are available with most of the:
Agricultural/Veterinary Universities of various states
Krishi Vigyan Kendras
State Department of Animal Husbandry

You can also choose to inquire with National level organization like: National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI) Karnal (Haryana) - For training on rearing of dairy animals and manufacture of milk products.
Alternately, you can also look for training facilities of non-governmental organizations that are active in farming sectors.

 

Dairy industry will see significant new investment from large corporate houses

significant Our milk production has touched almost 100 million tonnes in 2006-2007 and we have the distinction of becoming the world’s largest producer of fluid milk. About 16% of the world milk is produced in India and growing at a rate of about 4% per annum whereas rest of the world is growing at only 1.5%. At this rate by the year 2020 India will produce 25 % of the world production. In spite of this significant achievement in milk production our global trade is miniscule and our per capita consumption is lower than what is consumed in developed world. We have been always considering dairy sector as promising in comparison to other categories of processed food. But, of late several of our earlier dairy projects have not been performing well and in their place some new companies have come up beautifully well. Post liberalization Foremost Dairy and Dalmia Dairy have closed down but Heritage and Dynamic Dairy are doing well. There were times when Foremost and Dalmia products were coexisting with the MNC brands of Glaxo, HLL, Nestle and Smith Kline Beechem. Even Foremost and Dalmia were doing better than HLL. But post liberalization selling traditional skim milk powder, butter and ghee were not found to be profitable. The industry has seen many new products; even some of the traditional dairy products have now been branded and launched successfully. The milk also now been successfully branded and launched in several new packaging forms including aseptic packaging.

According to an estimate released by Dairy India 2007, the total production of milk will reach about 120 million tonnes in 2011 with organized sector contributing to as much as 30%. Further, by 2011 the share of private players will grow to about 24 million tonnes against 8.5 million tonnes in the year 2005. The same report shows the growth of government run milk cooperatives much slower -- from 8.5 million tonnes in 2005 to 12 million tonnes in 2011 and that too this growth will be primarily driven by fluid milk. This means that the milk products will be primarily the domain of private players whereas fluid milk will be with the traditional cooperatives. The per capita availability of milk as per report of 2005-06 is said to be 240 gms per day. However, the availability in the rural sector is only 158 gms per day against 431 gms per day in the urban areas. While average availability of milk is well below the global standard but the figure for the urban areas is significantly higher. Besides, the new format modern retailers are helping the growth in consumption of milk and milk products. The trend in consumer consumption is also showing a distinct sign of shift from fun foods to healthy foods and in that scenario milk offers a great possibility for exploiting the market opportunity as milk is generally considered as good for health. There are therefore couple of factors which will attract significant new investment in the dairy sector and these are: rapid growth in supply of milk, increase in consumption particularly in urban areas, growing heath consciousness of the consumers where milk is considered not only healthy but also essential to have and finally new modern retail stores to push private label brands. On the top of these all leading global players in dairy like Kraft Foods, Danone etc. are also coming to India and although they have not yet disclosed their entry mode which could be through the acquisition route but sooner or later these MNCs will bring in lot of new products in the dairy sector which are their mainstay in business.

Some of the local companies who have ventured either into food processing or in the retail segment have announced their intention to get into this category in a big way. Both Reliance and Bharti Retail are entering dairy business in a big way. While Bharti Retail is still exploring various options for entry, Reliance has already ventured into this sector. Reliance entered this high volume, low margin fluid milk market with its brand ‘Dairy Pure’ in Hyderabad recently. For it foray in dairy sector Reliance is looking at interesting business models through acquisitions. The company plans to float a pan-India dairy co-operative across the country. The model is clearly seen as duplicating the Amul model. The possible modification of this model could be that while collection will be in cooperative mode, the processing will be privately owned and that model will work if the milk producers co-operatives are assured of much higher return than what they normally get. The company is planning to even buy out large companies and retain both current owners as well as milk vendors in the company’s pay roll. For sourcing of milk, Reliance is planning to have over 1000 direct collection centre. In this model Reliance will be able to find cooperatives in dairy sector that are not doing well and are possible takeover candidates. Reliance has signed recently a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Punjab government for sourcing close to 7 lakh litres of milk every day and the company is likely to sign similar agreements in UP and Bihar , the two other states having large scale milk production.

There are many other companies including MNCs who are entering into this newfound opportunity. Both Cola majors Pepsi Cola and Coca Cola are keenly interested to enter into the dairy business in India particularly for the reason of recent shift in consumer preference from carbonated beverages to health beverages. However, the current policy regulations will allow these companies only to source milk and not setting up dairies. They therefore, can go for tetrapack format to sell fluid milk including long life milk. Amul is also gearing up for new challenge. This, over INR 40 billion turn over in sales giant in dairy sector has projected a turn over of over INR 100 billion in next three years which is an ambitious growth by any standard. Amul is gearing up their distribution and sales information systems to change the scale to achieve this significant growth.

The dairy business of Nestle is growing at a healthy rate of over 20 percent and they are therefore, very bullish on this sector. Nestle is therefore, focusing on the dairy sector particularly for the reason that while company’s business is growing at 10-11 per cent dairy business is registering a very healthy rate of growth. The dairy business of Nestle is expected to become almost double by the year 2011. The company has projected to become INR 8 billion in dairy business by that time from the current level. The company has recently launched yoghurt, which has been promoted as probiotic food. One can notice that the promotion of the new yoghurt has been through the health route again keeping the trend in consumer shift in mind. They also planned to launch world’s largest selling children milk powder brand ‘Nido’ in India in near future and considering many other global brands in dairy sector for Indian market. They are even considering acquisition in this category and at the same time going ahead for big capacity expansion in their Moga (Punjab) and Sealyham (Haryana) manufacturing facilities and also sprucing up its distribution infrastructure.

With the involvement of so many big players both local and multinationals dairy sector is in to see lot of new activities and investment.

 

Following all 23 Project Reports are provided in Cd

  • * BUTTER MILK     
  • * CASEIN FROM MILK 
  • * CONDENSED SWEETENED MILK WITH CONTAINERS     
  • * CONDENSED MILK SWEETENED  
  • * DAIRY FARM TO PRODUCE MILK & GOAT FARM     
  • * DAIRY FARMING AND DAIRY PRODUCTS
  • * DAIRY FARM TO PRODUCE MILK (JERSEY COW)    
  • * DAIRY FARM TO PRODUCE MILK (BUFFALOE)
  • * DAIRY DEVELOPMENT     
  • * FLAVOURED MILK (STERILIZED)   
  • * GHEE AND BUTTER      
  • * ICE CREAM OF DIFFERENT FLAVOURS
  • * LACTOSE AND BY-PRODUCTS PROCESSING FROM MILK
  • * MILK TOFFEE MANUFACTURE
  • * MITHAI/HALWAI (SWEET & NAMKEEN)
  • * MILK POWDER & GHEE
  • * MILK CHILLING PLANT
  • * MILK PROCESSING PLANT
  • * PROCESSED CHEESE
  • * PEANUT MILK, KEFIR, FLAVOURED PEANUT MILK MILK BEVERAGE
  • * SOYA MILK & PANEER
  • * TONED MILK
  • * YOGHURT

Each Project   Report   covers  Introduction,  Uses   &   Application, Manufacturing  Process,  Market Survey,  Project  Estimates  with Profitability  Analysis,  Break Even Point,  Process  Flow  Sheet  Diagram, Resources of Finance,  List of Plant,  Machinery and Raw  Materials  Suppliers,  Cost  of the Plant  &  Machinery  and  Raw Materials along with Suppliers etc.

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