hand book of agro chemical industries (insecticides and pesticides)

hand book of agro chemical industries (insecticides and pesticides)
Author: EIRI Books
ISBN: 8186732462
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HAND BOOK OF AGRO CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES (INSECTICIDES & PESTICIDES)

AGROCHEMICAL INDUSTRIES

  • Introduction
  • Inorganic Insecticides
  • Lead Arsenate
  • Calcium Arsenate
  • Organic Insecticides
  • Dinitrophenol
  • Dichloro Diphenyl Trichloroethane (DDT)
  • Methoxychlor (Methoxy DDT: DMDT)
  • BHC or Benzene hexachloride
  • Gammexane
  • Chlordane
  • Heptachlor
  • Aldrin
  • Endrin
  • Toxaphene
  • Malathion
  • Parathion
  • Fumigants
  • Ethylene Dibromide
  • Ethylene Dichloride
  • Para dichlorobenzene
  • Miticides
  • Rodenticides
  • Zinc Phosphide (Phosvin)
  • Fungicides
  • Eptam
  • Ferbam
  • 2,4,6-trichlorophenol
  • Para-chlorophenol
  • Glyodin
  • Herbicides
  • 2-4 dichlorophenol
  • Sodium Trichloroacetate
  • Chloro-IPC
  • Sesone
  • MCPA
  • Synthetic Insecticides


INTRODUCTION OF PESTICIDE

  • Introduction
  • Ideal pesticide
  • Steps involved in cmmercial development of pesticide starting from laboratory synthesis
  • Reasons for use of pesticides
  • Production of pesticides in organised sector in India
  • Level of pesticides consumption in various countries
  • Present consumption and future demand
  • Cropwise consumption of pesticides
  • Statewise consumption of pesticides in agriculture
  • Pesticides registered, not approved for use, banned, restricted for use and under review
  • List of quality control laboratories in India


INSECTICIDES

  • Classification of Insecticides
  • Based on chemical nature
  • Based on mode of entry
  • Based on mode of action
  • Organochlorine insecticides
  • Reaction with caustic soda
  • Structure activity relationships
  • Methoxychlor
  • DDD
  • Perthane
  • DFDT
  • Chlorobenzilate
  • Dilan
  • HCH
  • Action with caustic soda
  • Metabolism of HCH
  • Use of DDT and HCH in India
  • The cyclodiene group insecticides
  • Heptachlor
  • Chlordane
  • Aldrin and dieldrin
  • Endrin
  • Endosulfan
  • Structure activity relationship
  • Use of cyclodiene pesticides in India
  • Chlorinated terpenes
  • Mode of action of chlorinated hydrocarbons
  • Mode of action of DDT and its derivatives
  • Mode of action of Lindane and HCH
  • Mode of action of cyclodiene
  • Mode of action of haloderivatives of aliphatic hydrocarbons
  • Carbamates
  • Classification of carbamates
  • Phenyl carbamates
  • Carbaryl
  • Bendiocarb
  • Baygon
  • Carbofuran
  • N.N-Dimethylcarbamates
  • Zectran
  • Dimetan
  • Mesurol
  • Isolan
  • Oxime carbamates
  • Tamik
  • Oxamil
  • Methyomyl
  • Tirpate
  • Mode of action
  • Structure activity relationship of carbamates
  • Organophosphorus Insecticides
  • Disadvantages
  • Michaelis-arbuzoy reaction
  • Mechanism of the reaction
  • Derivatives of phosphoric acid
  • Dichlorovos
  • Mevinphos
  • Phosphamidor
  • Bidrin
  • Birlana
  • Gardona
  • Azodrin
  • Ruelene
  • Derivatives of thiophosphoric acid
  • Parathion
  • Methyl parathion
  • methylethyl parathion
  • Fenitrothion
  • Chlorothion
  • Ronnel
  • Bromophos
  • Fenthion
  • Dasanit
  • Diazinon
  • Dursban
  • Quinalphos
  • Pirimiphos methyl
  • Phoxim
  • Demeton
  • Triazophos
  • Methyldemeton
  • Derivatives of Dithlosphosphoric acid
  • Malathion
  • Dimethoate
  • Thimet
  • Disyston
  • Phosalone
  • Formothion
  • Ethion
  • Menazon
  • Ekatin
  • Guthion
  • Cidial
  • Phosphonic acid derivatives
  • EPN
  • Fonophos
  • Diptrex
  • Esteramides of Phosphoric acid and phosphorothioic acid
  • Phospholan
  • Methamidophos
  • Acephate
  • Cyclic phosphates and phosphorothioates
  • Salithion
  • Derivatives of pyrophosphoric acid
  • Tetraethylpyrophosphate
  • Schradan
  • Mode of action of organophosphates and carbamates
  • Structure activity relationship
  • Phosphates
  • Thiophosphates
  • Dithiophosphates
  • Pyrophosphoric acids
  • Phosphoric acids
  • Cyclicesters
  • Asymmetry
  • Botanical pesticides
  • Nicotine
  • Structure activity relationship
  • Rotenone
  • Mode of action
  • Rotenone
  • Pyrethrins
  • Structure activity relationship
  • synthetic pyrethroids
  • Disadvantages
  • Allethrin
  • Resmethrin and bioresmethrin
  • Fenvalerate
  • Permethrin
  • Cypermethrin
  • Alphamethrin
  • Deltamethrin
  • Cyhalothrin
  • Cypothrin
  • Flucythrinate
  • Fluvalinate
  • Cyfluthrin
  • Tralomethrin
  • Fenpropathrin
  • Sumethrin
  • Structure activity relationship
  • Mode of action of synthetic pyrethroids


FUNGICIDES

  • Fungi
  • Bacteria
  • Viruses
  • Parastic seed plants
  • Chemical classification
  • Inorganics
  • Organics
  • Requiremens of an ideal fungicide
  • Sulphur compounds
  • Mode of action of sulphur
  • Mercury fungicides
  • Copper fungicides
  • Organotin compounds
  • Brestan
  • Duter
  • Mode of action
  • Organomercurials
  • Mode of action
  • Organophosphorous compounds phosphates
  • Wepsyn
  • Kitazin P
  • Conen
  • Dowco
  • Edifenphos
  • Phosphonates
  • Inejin F 254
  • Cerezin
  • Aliette
  • Mode of action of organophosphate fungicides
  • Benzene derivatives
  • Quintozene
  • Chlorothalonil
  • Chloroneb
  • Dithiocarbamates
  • Monoalkyldithiocarbamates
  • Metham
  • Dazomet
  • Neviram
  • N.N.Ethylene-bisdithiocarbamates
  • Nabam
  • Mode of action
  • Mancozeb
  • Mode of action
  • Dialkyldithocarbamates
  • Compounds containing polyhalogen alkonoic sulfenyl group
  • Captan
  • Folpet
  • Captafol
  • Mesulfan
  • Dichlofluanid
  • Oxathins
  • Vitavax
  • Plantvax
  • Mode of actionQuinones
  • Chloranil
  • Dichlone
  • Dithianon
  • Mode of action
  • Carboxamides
  • Fongarid
  • Dinitroalkylphenols
  • DinocapBinapacryl
  • Dinobuton
  • Azole compounds
  • Imidazole and its derivatives
  • Glyodin
  • Imazalil
  • Benzimidazole derivatives
  • Carbendazim
  • Benomyl
  • Thiabendazole
  • Fuberidazole
  • Thiophanate methyl
  • Triazoles
  • Fluotrimazole
  • Triadimefon
  • Heterocyclic fungicides pyridine derivatives
  • Pyridinitrile
  • Nitrapyrin
  • Dowco 263
  • Piperalin
  • Parinol
  • Piperazine Derivative
  • Triforine
  • Pyrimidines
  • Dimethirimol
  • Ethirimol
  • Bupirimate
  • Fenarimol
  • Nuarimol
  • Quinoline derivatives
  • 8-hydroxyquinoline
  • Quinacetol sulphate
  • Morpholine type fungicides
  • Morpholine
  • Antibiotics
  • Miscellaneous fungicides
  • Dodine


NEMATICIDES

  • Importance
  • Parasitism
  • Ectoparasitism and endoparasitism
  • Methods of Nematode control
  • Advantages of chemical control
  • Essentials of a good nematicide
  • Nematicides are classified into five groups
  • Halogenated Hydrocarbons
  • Methyl bromide
  • Ethylene dibromide
  • 1,3 Dichloropropane
  • 1,2-dichloropropane
  • DD
  • Nemagon
  • Isothiocyanates
  • Metham sodium
  • Dazomet
  • Organophosphates
  • Carbamates
  • Botanical Nematicides
  •  
  • RODENTICIDES
  •  
  • Inorganic compounds
  • Botanicals
  • Coumarins
  • Warfarin
  • Coumatetralyl
  • Coumachlor
  • Coumafuryl
  • Indanediones
  • Pindone
  • Diphacinone
  • Chlorophacinone
  • Organophosphorous
  • Gophacide
  • Chlorinated rodenticides
  • Crimidine
  • Miscellaneous rodenticides
  • Vacor
  • Brodifacoum
  • Bromadiolone
  • Norbromide
  • Problems in rodent control
  •  
  • MOLLUSCICIDES
  •  
  • Metaldehyde
  • Trifenmorph
  • Bayluscid
  • Triphenyltinacetate
  • Copper sulphate
  •  
  • FUMIGANTS
  •  
  • Factors influencing fumigation
  • Ethylene Dibromide
  • Methyl bromide
  • Methallyl chloride
  • Chloropicrin
  • Aluminium phosphide
  • Ethylene oxide
  • Formaldehyde


ACARICIDES

  • Chlorinated compounds
  • Dicofol
  • Dienochlor
  • Chlorfenethol
  • Derivatives containing AC=N OR N=N double bond
  • Chlorphenamidine
  • Formetanate
  • Compounds containing sulphur
  • Chlorfensulfide
  • Tetrasul
  • Tetradifon
  • Aramite
  • Organophosphorous compounds
  • Carbophenethion
  • Organometallic compounds
  • Fentin hydroxide
  • Ltrophenol derivatives
  • Dinobuton
  • Formamidines
  • Chloridimeform
  • Fometanate hydrochloride
  • Heterocylics


HERBICIDES

  • How weeds cause damage or losses
  • How weeds are introduced and spread to new areas
  • Weedclassification
  • Methods of weed control
  • Prevention
  • Cultural and mechanical control
  • Biological control
  • Chemical weed control
  • Classification of herbicides
  • Classification based on method of application
  • Classification based on mode of action
  • Classification based on chemical affinity and structural similarity
  • The Organic Herbicides
  • Petroleum oils
  • Organic arsenicals
  • Phenoxyaliphatic acids
  • 2,4-D
  • MCPA2,4,5-T
  • MCPP
  • 2,4,5-TP
  • MCPB
  • 2,4-Des
  • Erbon
  • 2,4-DEP
  • Derivatives of benzoic acid
  • 2,3,6-TBA
  • Dicamba
  • Dinoben
  • Benzonitriles
  • Dichlobenil
  • Chlorthamid
  • Loxynil
  • Bromoxynil
  • Carbamate herbicides
  • Probham
  • Chloropropham
  • Proximpham
  • Asulam
  • Phenmedipham
  • Bi-PC
  • Barban
  • Thiocarbamates
  • Eptam
  • Benthiocarb
  • Diallate
  • Triallate
  • Dithlocarbamates
  • Metham-sodium
  • Sulfallate
  • Amides
  • Allidochlor
  • Propachlor
  • Alachlor
  • Butachlor
  • Diphenamid
  • Propanil
  • Bipyridylium herbicide
  • Paraquat
  • Diquat
  • Dinitrophenols
  • DNOC
  • Dinoseb
  • Tr(azines
  • Simazine
  • Atrazine
  • Prometryne
  • Organophosphorous compound
  • Phosphorothiolates
  • Bensulide
  • Phosphonates
  • Glyphosate
  • Substituted ureas
  • Monuron
  • Linuron
  • Diuron
  • Neburon
  • Trimeturon
  • Meturin
  • Dichloral urea
  • Cycluron
  • Noruron
  • Monolinuron
  • Isoprouturon
  • Dintroanilines
  • Nitralin
  • Dipropalin
  • Butralin
  • Chlorinidin
  • Isopropalin
  • Fluchloralin
  • Pendimethalin
  • Pyridines
  • Pyrichlor
  • Azoles
  • Amitrole
  • Methazole
  • Oxadiazon
  • Sulfonyl urea herbicides
  • Imdazolinones
  • Herbicides extenders

  • PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS

  • Auxins
  • Synthetic growth inhibitors
  • Maleic hydrazide
  • Chlormequat
  • Daminozide
  • Glyphosine
  • Gibberellings
  • Cytokinins
  • Inhibitors and retardants
  • Ethylene generators


REPELLENTS, ATTRACTANTS, PHEROMONES, SYNERGISTS, SYNTHETIC INHIBITORS AND PROINSECTICIDES

  • Repellents
  • Dimethyl phthalate
  • N,N-Diethyl-m-toluamide (Deet)
  • Benzyl benzoate
  • Butoxypolyproplene glycol
  • Atractants and pheromones
  • Pheromones (Sex attractants)
  • Uses of pheromones
  • Synergists
  • Autosynergism
  • Synthetic Inhibitors
  • Proinsecticides
  • Procarbamates
  • N-acyl-n-methylcarbamates
  • N-sulphenyl-N methylcarbamates
  • Propyrethroids
  • Proinsecticidal organophosphates


TOXICOLOGY AND SAFE USE OF PESTICIDES

  • Fundamentals of toxicology
  • Toxicity and hazards
  • Measurement of toxicity
  • Estimation of toxicity to humans
  • Classification of pesticides by hazards
  • Pesticide toxicity and its lable
  • Information on the leaflet
  • Safety with pesticides
  • Safe storage
  • Safety in application of Pesticides
  • Before application
  • During spraying
  • After spraying
  • Emergencies
  • First aid
  • Inhaled posons
  • Swallowed poisons
  • How to induce vomiting
  • Dilute poson quickly
  • Universal sponge
  • Activated charcoal
  • Home made absorber
  • Shock
  •  
  • INSECTICIDE ACT
  •  
  • Why insection act
  • Insecticide act
  • Salient features of the insecticide act
  • Functions of central insecticides board
  • Registration committee
  • Registration procedure
  • Provisional registration under section 9(3B)
  • Regular registration under section 9(3) of the Act
  • Data requirement for repeat registration under section 9(4)


PESTICIDE FORMULATIONS

  •  
  • Types of formulations
  • Dusting powders
  • Diluent
  • Carrier
  • Methods of preparation of dust
  • Characteristics for suitability of carriers and diluent
  • Specific gravity
  • Bulk density
  • Particle size
  • Particle shape
  • Hardness
  • Electrostatic charge
  • pH
  • Surface density and sorption
  • Surface acidity
  • Flowability
  • Driftless dust
  • Advantages
  • Disadvantages
  • Water dispersible powder and wettable powders
  • Criteria for WDP
  • Wetting agents
  • Spreadability
  • Dispersibility
  • Chemical stability
  • Emulsifiable concentrates
  • Types of emulsions
  • Function of the emulsifier
  • Emulsions
  • Emulsion concentrate
  • Granular formulations
  • Mean size
  • Selection of Inert carriers
  • Techniques of formulation
  • Impregation of unextruded granules
  • Extruded pesticidal granules
  • The quality control
  • Advantages
  • Encapsulated granules
  • Floating Granules
  • Water dispersible granules
  • Water miscible liquids
  • Fogging concentrates
  • Baits
  • Aerosols
  • Smokes
  • Ultralow volume formulation (low volume sprays)
  • Controlled release formulations
  • Kind of controlled release technology
  • Monolithic system
  • Materials used for controlled release formulation
  • Adjuvants
  • Penetrant aids
  • Stabilizers and deactivators
  • Anticaping agents
  • Dry lubricans
  • Stickers
  • Antidusting agents
  • Antifoaming agents
  • Viscosity regulators
  • Surfactants
  • Anionic surfactants
  • Cationic surfactants
  • Nonionic Surfactants


PESTICIDE MIXTURES

  • Introduction
  • Pesticide interaction terms
  • Compatibility and incompatibility of mixture components
  • Synergism, antagonism and additivity
  • Pesticide resistance
  • Kinds of pesticide mixtures and some of their problems
  • MPFS analysis
  • Toxicological aspects of Multicomponent pesticides
  • examples of pesticide mixtures
  • Insecticides
  • Fungicides
  • Insecticide/fungicide
  • Herbicides


MODERN EQUIPMENT FOR A PESTICIDE FORMULATION LABORATORY AND PILOT PLANT

  • Introduction
  • Formulation Laboratory to support general production and quality control activities
  • Formulation development laboratory
  • Processing equipment
  • Physical testing equipment
  • Laboratory for basic formulation research
  • Pilot plant equipment for the processing of formulations
  • Conslusion
  • Appendix A
  • Appendix B


AEROSOL FORMULATIONS

  • Introduction
  • Advantages and disadvantages
  • Definition
  • Aerosol operation and theory
  • Types of aerosol formulations
  • Homogeneous systems
  • Heterogeneous systems
  • Solvent based systems
  • Oil out emulsion systems
  • Water out emulsions
  • Components of aerosol systems
  • Aerosol Intermediates
  • Active ingredients
  • Solvents
  • 3.1.3 Water
  • 3.1.4 Emulsifiers
  • 3.1.5 Inhibitors
  • 3.1.6. Fragrances
  • 3.2 Aerosol properllants
  • 3.2.1 General properties
  • 3.3 Valves and actuators
  • 3.3.1 Mounting cups and corresponding gaskets
  • 3.3.2 Valve steam gaskets
  • 3.3.3. Valve stems
  • 3.3.4. Springs
  • 3.3.5 The valve body (Housing)
  • 3.3.6 Dip tubes
  • 3.3.7 Valve actuators
  • 4. Properties of aerosol formulations
  • 4.1 Spray properties
  • 4.2 Particle size characteristics
  • 4.3 Discharge rate
  • 4.4 Vapour pressure
  • 4.5 Density and fill weight
  • 5. Application of  aerosol formulations
  • 5.1 Surface sprays
  • 5.2 Space sprays
  • 5.3 Multi purpose spray


ADVANCES IN PESTICIDES FORMULATIONS PACKAGING

  • 1 Requirements profile  
  • 1.1 Statutory demands
  • 1.2 Product compatibility
  • 1.3 Pak size
  • 1.4 Closure concept
  • 1.5 Design
  • 1.6 Filling process
  • 1.7 Information on the label
  • 1.8 Labelling
  • 1.9 Transportation and storage 1.10 Disposal
  • 2 Selectrion of packaging  materials
  • 2.1 Solid products
  • 2.1.1 Water soluble film
  • 2.2 liquid products
  • 2.2.1 Glass
  • 2.2.2  Metal
  • 2.2.3 Plastics
  • 2.2.4 Biodegradable plastics
  • 2.3 Large returnable containers
  • 2.4 Transportation packaging
  • 3. Measures of quality control
  • 3.1 Storage stability test (4)3.2 Continuous quality checks
  • 3.3 Control of incoming material
  • 4. Specifications
  • 4.1 Package specifications
  • 4.2 Packaging instructions
  • 5. Disposal


AEROSOL PACKAGING TECHNOLOGY

  • Introduction
  • Working principle of aerosol
  • Pack contents (product and propellant)
  • Propellants fall into two general groups
  • Aerosol cans
  • 3-Piece tinplate aerosol cans
  • 2-Piece aerosol containers
  • Single piece aluminium cans
  • Aerosol valve
  • Standard dip tube
  • Visco tubing
  • Capillary tubing
  • The Mounting cup
  • The housing
  • The stem
  • The spring
  • The gasket
  • The actuator
  • Methods of filling aerosol containers
  • Product filling
  • Removal of air in the headspace
  • Swaging
  • Propellant filling
  • compressed gases
  • Growth potential (productwise)
  • Legilation
  • Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
  • Flammabillity
  • Developments
  • New Products
  • Alternative propellants
  • Cans
  • Valves
  • Conclusion
  •  
  • PACKAGING IN PESTICIDES INDUSTRY
  •  
  • Formulation types
  • Major features
  • Packaging
  • Major factors governing the selection of packaging materials and packages
  • Chemical compatibility
  • Requirements of transport and storages
  • Economics
  • Legal obligations
  • Moc of packaging materials
  •  
  • EMULSIFIER FOR PESTICIDES
  •  
  • Uses & applicatons
  • Applications
  • Plant economics
  • Plant & machinery
  • Fixed capital
  • Raw materials
  • Total working capital/month
  • Total capital investment
  • Turn over/annum


PESTICIDES

  • Copper oxy chloride
  • Wettable Sulphur


PESTICIDE PREPARATION USING NEEM FRUITS AND SEEDS (MARGOSA)

  • Manufacturing process of pesticide using neem fruits & seeds  
  • Preparatory steps
  • Extraction
  • Distillation
  • Concentration
  • Neem formulations
  • Plant economics
  • Plant & machinery
  • Fixed capital
  • Raw materials
  • Total working capital/month
  • Total capital investment
  • Turn over/annum


INSECTICIDES FOR RATS, TERMITES, RODENTS, MOUSES, COCKROAHES, MONTHICIDE

  • Process
  • Commercial product
  • Rat repellent
  • Process
  • Mothicide
  • Cockroach repellent (like laxman rekha)
  • Process
  • Plant economics
  • Plant & machinery
  • Fixed capital
  • Raw materials
  • Total working capital/month
  • Total capital investment
  • Turn over/annum


MOSQUITO LARVA DESTROYER

  • Uses & applications
  • Manufacturing process of mosquito larva killer
  • Plant economics
  • Land & building
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed capital
  • Raw materials
  • Total working capital/month
  • Total capital investment
  • Turn over/annum


PESTICIDES

  • Common name butachlor
  • Uses
  • Pyrethriods
  • Metabolism of pyrethriods in Insects
  • Synthetic phyrothriods
  • Process of manufactures
  • Monocrotophos
  • Methyl parathion
  • Manufactures
  • Mixing and blending
  • Milling of wettable powders
  • Plant economics
  • Plant & machinery
  • Fixed capital
  • Total working capital/month
  • Total capital investment


MOSQUITO COILS AND MATS

  • Formulation
  • Mosquito Repellents
  • Pyrethrum
  • Process of manufacture
  • Mosquito repellent mats manufacturing
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed capital
  • Raw materials
  • Total working capital/month
  • Total capital investment
  • Turn over/annum


INSECTICIDES FROM NEEM SEEDS, NEEM OILS & NEEM LEAVES

  • Manufacturing process
  • Details of distillation process
  • Plant economics
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed capital
  • Raw materials
  • Total working capital/month
  • Total capital investment
  • Turn over/annum


AIR FRESHER (ODONIL TYPE)
 

  • Manufacturing of air fresher (odonil type)
  • Plant economics
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed capital
  • Raw materials
  • Total working capital/month
  • Total capital investment
  • Turn over/annum


PHENYL (BLACK AND WHITE)

  • Manufacturing process
  • Process
  • Methods of manufacturing of black phenyl
  • Formulation (white phenyl)
  • Process
  • Plant economics
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed capital
  • Raw materials
  • Total working capital/month
  • Total capital investment
  • Turn over/annum


BENZENE HEXACHLORIDE

  • Process of manufacture
  • Process


AEROSOL & MOSQUITO REPELLANT SPRAY (BAYGON, HIT, MORTEIN TYPE)

  • Aerosol insecticide formulation
  • Manufacturing process
  • Method of filling of cans
  • Plant economic
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed capital
  • Raw materials
  • Total working capital/month
  • Total capital investment
  • Turn over/annum


MOSQUITO REPELLANT AGARBATTI (INCENSE STICKS)

  • Typical composition of agarbatti of medium quality
  • Mosquito repellant batti
  • Manufacturing process
  • Plant economics
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed capital
  • Raw materials
  • Total working capital/month
  • Total capital investment
  • Turn over/annum


ALLETHRIN MOSQUITO REPELLANT OIL

  • LD 50 Valuesto housefly
  • Process of manufacture
  • Plant economics
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed capital
  • Raw materials
  • Total working capital/month
  • Total capital investment
  • Turn over/annum


AEROSOL INSECTICIDE SPRAY (BAYGON, HIT, MORTEIN, HESIT TYPE)

  • Aerosol components
  • General properties
  • Boiling point and vapor pressure
  • Cost
  • Flammability
  • Odor
  • Purity
  • Stability
  • Toxicity
  • Solvents
  • Active ingredients
  • Operation of an aerosol
  • Aerosol insecticide formulations
  • Aerosol insecticide spary (Baygon type)
  • Aerosol insecticide spray (Hit Type)
  • Other formulations of house hld aerosols
  • Detailed manufacturing process
  • Plant economics
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Total working capital/month
  • Total capital investment
  • Turn over/annum


RECENT DEVELOPMENT IN PESTICIDE FORMULATIONS

  • Introduction
  • Water dispersible grenules (WDG)
  • Suspension concentrate (SC)
  • Concentrate emulsion (CE)
  • Susposuspension (SS)
  • Water soluble concentrate/soluble liquid
  • Concentrated Solution (Cs)
  • Microemulsion (ME)
  • Microemulsion concentrate (MEC)
  • Microencapsulation
  • Methods of Encapsulation
  • Microencapsulated suspnsion
  • Suspoemulsion or suspension emulsion (SE)
  • Low volume (LV) and ultra low volume (ULV) type
  • Gel type


CLASSIFICATION OF PESTICIDES

  • Classification of pesticides according to the type of pests they control (terms bearing the suffix-cide)
  • Classification by effect on pests
  • Classification of insecticides
  • Classification by Chemical Nature
  • Carbamates
  • Classification of insecticides by mode of action
  • Classification of fungicides
  • Classification of fungicides by chemical nature
  • Inorganic fungicides
  • Organic fungicides
  • Organometallic compounds
  • systemic fungicides
  • Other organic compounds
  • Antibiotics
  • Classification of fungicides by mode of action
  • Protectant fungicides
  • Curative or eradicant fungicides
  • Systemic Fungicides
  • Classification of herbicides
  • Classification by chemical nature
  • Inorganic herebicides
  • Organic herbicides
  • Phenoxy aliphatic acid
  • Diphenylethers
  • Substituted ureas
  • Carbamates
  • Thiocarbamates
  • Aliphatic acids
  • Phenol derivatives
  • Miscellaneous herbicides
  • Classification of herbicides by mode of action
  • Classification of biological pest control agents
  • Biochemical pest control agents
  • Microbial pest control agents
  • Fungal microbial insecticides
  • Microbial insecticides
  • Viral microbial insecticides
  • Nematodes


BIO-PROTECTION IN FIELDS:EXTRACTS FROM NOVEL PESTICIDES

Essential characteristics of effective biocontrol agents
Requirements for commercialization


SUPPLIERS OF PLANT AND EQUIPMENTS

  • Storage tanks
  • Cooling towers
  • Boilers
  • Mixers
  • Steel tanks stainless
  • Laboratory Equipments & Suppliers
  • Distillation columms & towers
  • Blender:chemical
  • Grinders
  • Dryer chemical


SUPPLIERS OF RAW MATERIALS

  • Naphthalene
  • Paraffin wax
  • Benzoic acid
  • Fungicides
  • Ethyl alcohol
  • Distilled water
  • Fragrances
  • Castor oils
  • Creosote
  • Linseed oil
  • Casein
  • Borax
  • Rosin


PACKING MATERIALS

  • Glass bottles
  • Aluminium containers
  • Shrink film
  • Containers: aerosol
  • Pet bottles


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