hand book of electroplating, anodizing and surface finishing technology

hand book of electroplating, anodizing and surface finishing technology
Author: EIRI Books
ISBN: 8186732330
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HAND BOOK OF ELECTROPLATING ANODIZING & SURFACE FINISHING TECHNOLOGY

Principles of Electroplating

  • The Electro Chemical Series
  • Electrodeposition
  • Electrochemical Terms
  • Using a Copper Anode
  • Using an Inert Anode
  • Ionic Dissociation
  • Butters
  • pH of a Solution
  • Complex or Double Salts
  • Rate of Deposition
  • Faraday's Laws
  • Relation Between the Faraday & Mass of Metal Deposited
  • Current Efficienty
  • Anode Efficiency
  • Current Density
  • Calculation of Plating Times
  • Average & Minimum Thickness Values
  • Specification requirements
  • Polarisation
  • Cell Voltage
  • Anodes
  • Insoluble Anodes
  • Auxiliary & Internal Anodes
  • Bi-Polar Electrodes
  • Process Chart


Technology of Cleaning Pickling & Dipping

  • Preliminary Cleaning & Degreasing Solvent Cleaning
  • Common Solvents used in Metal Cleaning with Comparisons
  • Aqueous Neutral Detergent Pre-Cleaners
  • Mersol Soak Cleaner
  • Solution Composition
  • Solution Preparation
  • Operating Conditions
  • Operating Procedure
  • Ultrasonic Cleaning
  • Alkaline Cleaners
  • Hot Alkaline  Cleaners
  • Classification of Metal Cleaners
  • Electrolytic Cleaning
  • Equipment for Hot Alkaline Cleaners
  • Oil Separation Units
  • Barrel Cleaning
  • Activax Cleaners
  • Equipment
  • Solution Concentration & Operating Conditions
  • Solution Preparation
  • Cleaning of Zinc Alloy Die Castings
  • Barrel Cleaning
  • Solution Maintenance
  • Solution Concentration & Operating Conditions
  • Solution Preparation
  • Cleaning of Zinc Base Alloy Die Castings
  • Cleaner 45
  • Equipment
  • solution preparation
  • Solution Concentration & Operating Conditions
  • Solution Maintenance
  • Multiklense
  • Anozyn
  • 10-55 Cleaner
  • Operating Conditions
  • Emphax
  • Equipment
  • Operating Conditions
  • Zonax Metal Cleaner
  • Anodax Metal Cleaner
  • Kelco Cleaner
  • Solution Composition
  • Operating Conditions & Procedure
  • Maintenance of Metal Cleaners
  • Additions of Metal Cleaner
  • Pickling & Dipping
  • Choice of Pickling or Dipping Solution
  • Zonax Dry Acid Salt
  • Equipment
  • Solution Concentration & Operating Conditions
  • Sulphuric Acid Pickling
  • Solution Composition
  • Operating Conditions
  • Solution Maintenance
  • Hydrochloric Acid Pickling
  • Solution Composition
  • Operating Procedure
  • Skalene Pickle for Iron & Steel
  • Alkaline Deruster Salts
  • Addition Uses of Alkaline Deruster Salts
  • Equipment
  • Cyanide Free Solution for Rust Removal
  • Solution Composition
  • Treatment of High Tensile Steels
  • Spray Suppression
  • Effluent Treatment
  • Hydrofluoric Acid Pickling
  • Pickling of Magnesium Alloys
  • Pickling of Stainless Steel
  • Pickle Aid
  • Bright Dipping of Copper Alloys
  • Aqua Fortis Bright Dipping Acid
  • Bright Dipping Procedure
  • Chromic Acid Dip for Brass Copper & Its Alloys
  • Nitric Pree Bright Dip C22924 for Copper & Its Alloys
  • Barrel Pickling
  • Cyanide Containing Cleaners
  • Anodic Sulphuric Acid Etching or Iron & Steel
  • Acid Etching of Steel & Iron Before Heavy Deposition
  • Plating on Aluminium & Its Alloys
  • Standard Process Sequence for Electroplating on Aluminium & Its Alloys
  • Modification to the Standard Process
  • Dips & Rinses
  • Rinsing or Swilling
  • Scouring

Electrolytic & Chemical Processes for the Polishing of Metals

  • Electropolishing Solutions
  • Aluminium & Aluminium Alloys
  • Aluminium Electropolishing Solution
  • Electropolishing of Mechanically polished Aluminium Process
  • Stainless Steel
  • Process Sequence
  • Copper, brass & Nickel Silver
  • Process Sequence
  • Chemical Pokishing of Aluminium
  • Typical Operating Conditions
  • Procedure


Nickel Plating

  • Properties of Nickel
  • Decorative Finishes
  • Preparation of Nickel Plating Solutions
  • Purified Nickel Base Solution & Brighteners
  • Preparation of Nickel Solutions from Nickel Salts
  • Preparation of Nickel Solution from Individual  Chemical & Brighteners
  • Purification of a New Solution
  • Acidity pH Control
  • Correction of Possible Operating Faults in Surfol Nickel Solution
  • Black Nickel
  • Nigrax Black Nickel Plating Solution
  • Solution Composition
  • Operating Procedure
  • Preparation of Lettered Name Plates
  • Dull  Nickel Plating solutions
  • Preparation of Dull Nickel Plating Solution
  • Albo Nickel Solution
  • Nickel Plating Procedure
  • Immersion Processes for Zinc Base Die Castings

Chromium Plating

  • Preparation of Chromium Plating Solution
  • Decorative Chromium Plating Solutions
  • Typical Operating Conditions for Chromium Plating Solutions
  • Zonax Bright Chrome Solution
  • Analytical Standards
  • Chromium Plating Procedure
  • Plating Procedure
  • Processes After Plating

Hard Chromium Plating

  • Typical Operating Conditions for Hard Chromium Plating Solutions
  • Hard Chrome Solution
  • Plating Procedure
  • Treatment Prior to Hard Chromium Plating
  • Plating Conditions
  • Treatment After Deposition
  • Heat Treatment of Steels After Plating
  • Finishing Hard Chromium Deposits
  • Grinding of Hard Chromium Deposits

Copper Plating

  • Properties of Copper
  • Decorative Applications
  • Functional Applications
  • Copper Plating Solutions
  • Copper Solutions
  • Solution Composition
  • Operating Conditions
  • Cyanide Copper Solutions
  • Special Techniques Used in Printing Applications
  • Building up Copper
  • Cylinders
  • Skin Deposits
  • Cast Iron & Steel Cylinders
  • Aluminium Cylinders



Electroforming

  • Applications of Electroforming
  • Materials for Electroforming
  • Nickel Solutions
  • Nickel/Cobalt Alloy solutions
  • Copper Plating Solutions
  • Sodium High Sulphate Nickel Solution
  • Operating Techniques
  • Mandrels for Electroforms
  • Permanent Mandrels
  • Electroformed Nickel
  • Expendable Mandrels

Prass Plating

  • Decorative Brass Plating
  • Zonax Brass Solution for Decorative & General Plating
  • Plating Procedure
  • Barrel Brass Plating


Silver Plating

  • Properties of Silver
  • Applications
  • Plating Solutions
  • Rates of Deposition & Specification Requirements
  • Thickness of Deposit
  • solution Composition
  • Solution Preparation
  • Operating Conditions
  • Barrel Silver Plating & Zonax Silver Solution
  • Analytical Standards
  • Preparation of Articles for Silver Plating
  • Silver Strikes
  • Alternative Procedure Using Nickel Undercoat
  • Silvering By Immersion


Gold Plating (Gilding)

  • Properties of Gold
  • Application of Gold Plating
  • Rates of Deposition & Specification Requirements
  • Rates of Deposition of Gold Solution in Minutes
  • Gold Deposits & Solutions
  • Ultra Pure Gold Deposits
  • General Gold Plating Procedure
  • Traditional Gold Plating Practice (Gilding)
  • Stripping Gold Deposits
  • Electrolytic Process for Stripping Flux & Oxide from Gold

Cadmium Plating

  • Properties of Cadmium
  • Applications & Corrosion Resistance
  • Cadmium Deposits on Non Ferrous Metals
  • Cadmium Plating Solutions
  • Cadmium Plating Salts
  • Zonax Cadmium Plating Solution
  • Operating Conditions
  • Cadmium Solution for Barrel Plating
  • Analytical Standards
  • Kadamax High Speed Bright Cadmium Plating Solution
  • Equipment
  • Solution Composition
  • Operating Conditions
  • Cadmium Plating Procedure
  • Treatment After Cadmium Plating
  • Chromic Acid Dip
  • Stripping Cadmium Deposits
  • Correction of Paults in Cadmium Plating

Zinc Plating

  • Properties of Zinc
  • Applications & Corrosion Resistance
  • Specification Requirements & Rates of Deposition
  • Thickness Requirements for Zinc Deposits
  • Determination of Thickness of Zinc Deposit
  • Rate of Deposition
  • Zinc Plating Equipment
  • Zinc Plating Solutions
  • Cyanide Zinc Plating Solutions
  • Cyanide Zinc Plating Procedure
  • Cleaning & Preparation of Work
  • Treatment After Zinc Plating
  • Bright Zinc Plating
  • Dilute Nitric Acid Bright Dip


Tin & Tin Alloy Plating

  • Properties of Tin
  • Applications
  • Thin Plating Solutions
  • Rates of Deposition & Specification Requirements
  • Rates of Deposition
  • Deposit Specifications
  • Alkaline Stannate Tin Plating Processes
  • Zonax Stannic Plating Solution
  • Tin Alloy Plating
  • Tin Lead Alloy Plating
  • Equipment
  • Solution Composition
  • Operating Conditions
  • Rate of Deposition
  • Solution Maintenance
  • Special Techniques used in Printing Applications
  • Tin Zinc Alloy Plating
  • Equipment
  • Solution Composition
  • Operating Conditions
  • Rate of Deposition
  • Solution Maintenance
  • Special Techniques used in Printing Applications
  • Tin zinc Alloy Plating
  • Equipment
  • Solution composition & Preparation
  • Operating Conditions
  • Solution Maintenance
  • Chemical Passivation of Tin Zinc Deposit
  • Tin Nickel Alloy Plating
  • Tin Copper Alloy Plating
  • Bronze Plating Solution
  • Equipment
  • Solution composition
  • Operating Conditions
  • Rate of Deposition
  • Solution Maintenance
  • Analytical Standards

Plating for Electronics

  • Printed Circuits
  • Print & Etch Circuits
  • Specialist Processes for Printed Circuit Production
  • Etching
  • Finishing
  • Plated Through Hole Circuits
  • Additive Circuity
  • Gold Plating of Edge Connectors
  • 65 Copper Etchant for Printed Circuit
  • Equipment
  • Solution Composition
  • Operating Conditions
  • Solution Maintenance
  • Analysis of 65 Copper Etchant
  • Copper Recovery
  • P.D. Activator for Printed Circuits
  • Solution Composition
  • Cuprasol PTH Copper Plating Process
  • PTH Tin/Lead Plating Solution
  • Dekote Pb/Sn 1


The Plating of Plastics & Other Non Metallic Materials

  • Plating on Plastics
  • Applications & Advantages
  • Properties of Plated Plastics
  • Moulding for Plating on Plastics
  • Simplas Process
  • Process Sequence
  • Equipment
  • Swilling or Rinsing
  • Cleaning
  • Pre Etch
  • Hot Alkaline Cleaner
  • Etching
  • Etch Composition for ABS Type Polymers
  • Etch Composition:for PP Polymers
  • Solution Preparation
  • Analytical Standards
  • Neutralising
  • solution Composition
  • Acceleration
  • Niplas Electroless Nickel
  • Equipment
  • Solution Composition
  • Operating Conditions
  • Electroplating on Electroless Nickel Plated Surfaces
  • Barrel Plating on Plastics
  • Corrections of Faults in the Simplas Process
  • Silvering
  • Spray Silvering
  • solution Composition
  • Operating Procedure
  • Sensitiser
  • Immersion Silvering
  • Electroplating on Silvered Surfaces
  • Special Techniques Used in Printing Applications
  • Metallising with Copper Bronze Powder
  • Preparation
  • Metallising
  • Electroplating
  • Polishing with Powered Graphite
  • Vacuum Evaporation & Electrical Sputtering

Anodic Oxidation of Aluminium

  • Surface Treatment of Magnesium
  • Anodizing Characteristics of  Aluminium
  • Alloy Types
  • Applications of Anodising
  • Architectural Anodizing
  • Hard Anodising
  • Specification Requirements
  • Anodic Oxidation Processes
  • Properties of Anodic Films
  • Anodising Equipment
  • Electrical Equipment
  • Spray Suppression
  • Sulphuric Acid Anodising Solutions
  • Solution Composition
  • Solution Preparation
  • Operating Conditions
  • Analytical Standards
  • Sulphuric Acid/Oxalic Acid Anodising Solution
  • Chromic Acid Process
  • 10% Chromic Acid Process
  • Anodising Procedure
  • Pretreatment Processes
  • Typical Anodising Sequences
  • Architectural Anodizing
  • Hard Anodising
  • Semi Hard Anodising
  • The Dyeing of Aluminium
  • Printed & Multi Coloured Anodising
  • Nickel/Cobalt Acetate Solution
  • Stripping Anodic Coatings
  • Tests for Anodic Films
  • Faults in Anodizing
  • The Surface Treatment of Magnesium
  • M.E.L.Fluoride Anodising Process
  • Equipment
  • Treatment After Anodising
  • Acid Chromate Solution
  • Equipment
  • Operating Procedure
  • Chrome Manganese Solution
  • Solution Composition
  • The RAE Solution for the Chromate Treatment of Magnesium
  • Process Sequence
  • Plated Finishes on Magnesium

Phosphating Processes

  • Applications
  • Types of Phosphate Coating
  • Surfaces to Which Phosphate Coatings May be Applied
  • Preparation of Surfaces for Phosphating
  • Specifications
  • Treatment of High Tensile Steels
  • Post Phosphating Treatments
  • Equipment for Phosphating
  • Immersion Phosphating Plant
  • Spray Phosphating Equipment
  • Phosphating Processes
  • Light Weight Iron Phosphate Processes
  • Heavy Zinc Phosphate Processes
  • Calcium Modified Zinc Phosphate Processes
  • Light Weight Zinc Phosphate Processes
  • Manganese Phosphate Processes
  • Phosphating Process Sequences
  • Pre Treatment Processes
  • Alkaline Cleaners
  • Spray Phosphating
  • Pickling & Derusting
  • Immersion Rack or Barrel  Phosphating
  • Post Phosphating Treatments
  • Sealing Treatments
  • Descalers & Rust Removers
  • Oils & Lubricants
  • Aluminium Pre-Treatment
  • General Phosphating Information
  • Effluent Treatment


Manufacturers & Suppliers of Machinery & Equipments

Suppliers of Electroplating Chemicals & Materials

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