hand book of food dehydration and drying

hand book of food dehydration and drying
Author: EIRI Books
ISBN: 8186732608
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HAND BOOK OF FOOD DEHYDRATION AND DRYING

FRUITS AND VEGETABLES DRYING/DEHYDRATION AND CONCENTRATION

  • Advantages of dehydration over sun drying
  • Drying/Dehydration Techniques
  • Common driers types used for liquid and solid foods
  • (A) Fruit and Vegetable Natural Drying Sun and Solar Drying
  • Shade Drying
  • Osmotic Dehydration
  • (B) Common Driers used for Drying/Dehydration
  • (a) Air Convection Driers
  • (b) Drum or Roller Driers
  • (c) Vacuum Driers
  • Differences between Conventional and Freeze Drying
  • Atmospheric Drying of Foams
  • Flow sheet for Drying/Dehydration of Fruits and Vegetables
  • Dilutions of sodium metabisulphite with water to obtain ppm of sulphur dioxide (SO2)
  • Spoilage of Dried products
  • Schedule for drying of fruits
  • Schedule for drying of vegetables
  • Reconstitution test for dried/dehydrated products
  • Reconstitution test
  • Food concentration
  • Methods of Concentration
  • (i) Solar Concentration
  • (ii) Open Kettles
  • (iii) Flash Evaporators
  • (iv) Thin Film Evaporators
  • (v) Vacuum Evaporators
  • (vi) Freeze Concentration
  • (vii) Ultrafiltration and Reverse Osmosis/Hyperfiltration
  • Changes during Concentration
  • Intermediate Moisture Foods (imf)


TYPES OF DEHYDRATERS

  • Type of Dryers
  • Table-1 Performance Data of Commercial Spray Drying Equipment of Representative Material
  • Table 2 Assumed Thermal Efficiencies of Different Heating Systems


SUN DRYING AND DEHYDRATION OF FRUITS

  • Table 4 Methods Used in Drying Fruits
  • Apple
  • Table 5 Varieties of The More Common Fruits Suitable for Drying
  • Table 6 Tray Loading Maximum Drying Temperature and Yields of Different Fruits
  • Other Dehydrated Apple Products
  • Table -7 Approximate Composition of Some Apple Products
  • Apricots
  • Sun-Drying
  • Table 8 Sizes of Dried Apricots,
  • Sun Drying
  • Table 8 Sizes of Dried Apricots, Except Slabs
  • Dehydration of Apricots
  • Bananas
  • Table 9 Analyses  of Dried Bananas
  • Cherries
  • Cranberries
  • Figs
  • Sun-Drying
  • Dehydration of Figs
  • Raisin Grapes
  • Sun Drying
  • Dehydration of Raisin Grapes
  • Handling of Raisins
  • Dehydrated Grape Juice
  • Loganberries
  • Nectarines
  • Orange Juice
  • Peaches
  • Sun Drying
  • Dehydration of Peaches
  • Table 10 U.S. Grade Sizes for Dehydrated peaches
  • Pears
  • Sun-Drying
  • Table 11 U.S. Sizes (Width) for Dried or Evaporated Pears
  • Dehydration of Pears
  • Prunes
  • Sun Drying
  • Dehydration of Prunes
  • Dehydration of other fruits


DEHYDRATION OF VEGETABLES

  • Table 12 Optimum Storage Conditions for Some Common Vegetables
  • Table 13 Per Cent Retention of Nutrients During Blanching
  • Dehydration of Various Vegetables
  • Asparagus
  • Beans, Baked
  • Beans, Green
  • Beans, Lima
  • Beets
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Carrots
  • Cauliflower
  • Celery
  • Corn, Sweet
  • Garlic
  • Greens
  • Mushrooms
  • Onions
  • Peas
  • Peppers And Pimientos
  • Potatoes (Irish or White)
  • Potato Granules
  • Potato Flakes
  • White Potato Flour
  • Sauerkraut
  • Sweet Potatoes
  • Tomatoes

DEHYDRATION OF EGGS, MILK, BUTTER AND CHEESE

  • Eggs
  • Table 14 Conversion Factors of Dried Egg Products From Whole Egg
  • Dry Milk
  • Changes Taking Place in the Drying of Milk
  • Table 16 Composition of Dry Milks and  Whey
  • Dried Cream
  • Dry Buttermilk
  • Dry Whey
  • Malted Milk
  • Anhydrous Milk Fat (Butter Oil)
  • Dried Cheese


DEHYDRATION OF MEAT, FISH, BEEF BLOOD AND GELATIN

  • Preparation of Meat
  • Dried Beef (Beef Hams)
  • Dehydrated Chicken
  • Drying, Salting and Smoking of Fish
  • Sun Dried Shrimp
  • Table 17 Approximate Chemical Composition of Cured Fish
  • Dehydration of Beef Serum and Hemoglobin
  • Edible Gelatin

DEHYDRATION OF MISCELLANEOUS FOODS

  • Food yeast
  • Soluble Coffee
  • Dried Shortenings
  • Dried Ice Cream Mixes
  • Dried Soups
  • Soft Drink Powders
  • Pudding Powders
  • Potato Chips
  • Table 18 Types of White Potatoes Desired for Different uses
  • Dry Molasses
  • Soyabean Milk
  • Drying of Macaroni Products
  • Pectin
  • Horseadish


PLANT SANITATION

  • Sanitation within The Plant
  • Bacteriological aspects of Dehydrated Foods
  • Table 19 Variations in "Total" Counts of Commercial Samples of Dehydrated Vegetables Certified as Acceptable
  • Table 20, Microorganisms in American Dried Fruits as Purchased
  • Table 21 Bacterial Count of Dried Egg Product
  • Waste Disposal
  • Table 22 Bacterial Count of Dried beef Serumstored in Sealed Cans

NUTRITIVE VALUE OF DRIED AND DEHYDRATED FOODS

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Table 23, Approximate Composition of Some Dehydrated Fruits
  • Table 24 Approximate Composition of Some Dehydrated Vegetables
  • Dry Milk
  • Table 25, Vitamins in Dry Milk and Milk Products
  • Dehydrated Meat
  • Table 26 composition of Dehydrated Pork and beef
  • Dried Eggs
  • Dry Yeast
  • Dried Blood and beef Serum
  • Table 27 Protein and Vitamin content of Different Dried yeasts

PACKAGING AND STORAGE

  • Insect Infestation
  • Packaging of Dried Fruit
  • Packing of Dehydrated Vegetables
  • Packing of Dried Eggs
  • Packing of Dried Milk
  • Packing of yeast
  • Packing of Dehydrated Meat
  • Storage of Dried And Dried And Dehydrated Fruits
  • Storage of Dehydrated Vegetables
  • Storage of Dried Eggs
  • Storage of Dry Milk
  • Storage of Dehydrated Beef serum And Hemoglobin
  • Table 28 Effect of Storage Temperatures on the Solubility of Dry Beef Senum
  • Storage of Active Dry Yeast
  • Compression of Dehydrated Foods
  • Table 29 Summary of Conditions found Applicable  in compressing Specific Foods 

BANANA POWER

  • Dehydration of BananaProcess of Manufacture
  • Plant Economics of Banana Powder
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum


DEHYDRATION OF FIGS BY SUN DRYING METHOD

  • Drying Process of Figs (Sun Drying )
  • Plant Economics of Dehydration of Figs (Sun Drying)
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

DESICCATED COCONUT POWDER FROM COCONUTS

  • Process of Manufacture
  • Plant Economics of Desiccated Coconut Powder from Coconut
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

DEHYDRATION OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES BY FREEZE DRYING METHOD

  • Freeze Drying
  • Plant Economics of Dehydration of Fruits & Vegetables by (Freeze Drying Method)
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum


DEHYDRATION OF JACK FRUIT

  • Manufacturing Process for the Dehydration of Jack Fruit
  • Plant Economics of Dehydration of Jack Fruit
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

EGG POWDER

  • Process of Manufacturing
  • Plant Economics of Egg Powder
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum


EGG POWDER

  • Process of Manufacture
  • Plant Economics of Egg Powder
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum


FRUIT JUICE POWDER

  • Manufacturing Process of Fruit Juice Powder from Fruit Juice Concentrate
  • Spray Driers
  • Atomising Device
  • The Drying Chamber
  • Method of Operation
  • Plant Economics of Fruit Juice Powder
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

FOOD DEHYDRATION

  • Manufacturing Process
  • Process for Dehydration of Fruits and Vegetables
  • Dehydration of Fruits
  • Dehydration of Vegetables
  • Packing and Storage
  • Plant Economics of Food Dehydration
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

GINGER DRYING

  • Process of Manufacture
  • Ginger Not Divested of Cork
  • Ginger Clivested of Cork
  • Grinding
  • Plant Economics of Ginger Processing
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

GRAPE POWDER

  • Grapes
  • Process of Manufacture
  • Method
  • Plant Economics of Grape Dehydration
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum


MUSTARD POWDER

  • Manufacturing Process
  • Plant Economics of Mustard Powder
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum


MANGO KERNEL SEED POWDER (STARCH)

  • Manufacturing Process of Mango Kernel Seed Powder (Starch)
  • Plant Economics of Mango Kernel Seed Powder
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum


MILK POWDER

  • Process of Manufacture
  • Rolling Drying
  • Plant Economics of Milk Powder
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum


POTATO POWDER

  • Manufacturing Process
  • Plant Economics of Potato Powder
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum


POTATO POWDER (AUTOMATIC PLANT)

  • Manufacturing Process
  • Plant Economics of Potato Powder
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum


SKIMMED MILK POWDER

TOMATO POWDER

  • Process Details
  • Sun-Drying
  • Description of Process
  • Plant Economics of Tomato Powder
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum


TAMARIND SEED POWDER

  • Manufacturing Process
  • Plant Economics of Tamarind Seed Powder
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum


TURMERIC POWDER (EDIBLE GRADE)

  • Plant Economics of Turmeric Powder (Edible Grade)
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

GARLIC POWDER

  • Manufacturing Process
  • Plant Economics of Garlic Powder
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum


DEHYDRATED ONIONS & ONION POWDER

  • Process of Manufacture
  • Dehydration Method
  • Plant Economics of Dehydrated Onions & Onion Powder
  • Details of Plant & Machinery
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum


HERBAL EXTRACTS (DRY)

  • Plant Economics of Herbal Extracts
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum


PLANT & MACHINERY SUPPLIERS

  • Food Dryers
  • Food Washing Machinery
  • Boilers
  • Blanching Machinery
  • Storage Tank:Liquid
  • Food Processing Machinery
  • Food Pump
  • Food Testers & Analysers
  • Food Packaging Machinery
  • Dehydrating Ovens

SUPPLIERS OF RAW MATERIAL

  • Food Preservatives
  • Food Processing Chemicals
  • Food Containers
  • Food Colour & Dyes
  • Food Packaging
  • Food Puches
  • Food Stabilisers


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