Identification of Plastics and other Plastic Processing Industries (Polystyrene, Nylon, Thermoplastic, Elastomer, Alkyd Resins, Polypropylene Plastics, Melamine Formaldehyde Resins, ABS, Plastic Blends, Polyvinylidene Chloride Plastics, Polymer, Pipes)

Identification of Plastics and other Plastic Processing Industries (Polystyrene, Nylon, Thermoplastic, Elastomer, Alkyd Resins, Polypropylene Plastics, Melamine Formaldehyde Resins, ABS, Plastic Blends, Polyvinylidene Chloride Plastics, Polymer, Pipes)
Author: EIRI Books
ISBN: 9789380772561
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The book on IDENTIFICATION OF PLASTICS AND OTHER PLASTIC PROCESS INDUSTRIES (Polystyrene, Nylon, Thermoplastic Elastomer, Alkyd Resin, Polypropylene Plastics, Melamine Formaldehyde Resins, ABS, Plastic Blends, Polyvinylidene Chloride Plastics, Polymer, Pipes) covers  Identification of Plastic Materials, Polystyrene Manufacturing, Nylon 6,6 Technology,Polyester based Thermoplastic Elastomer,Alkyd Resins (Polyesters), Polypropylene Plastics, Melamine Formaldehyde Resins, Plastics Used in Automobiles, ABS: Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Copolymers, Polytetrafluoroethylene, Plastics Blend and Alloys, Polyvinylidene Chloride Plastics, Degradation of Polymer and Stabilisation, Superabsorbent Polymers, Chemical Recycling, PP-R Pipes & Fittings for Hot and Cold Water System,Thermoplastic Rubber Compound, Thermosetting Plastics, Wood Plastic Composite (WPC), Acrylic Bath Tub and Shower Tray, Artificial Marble (Synthetic), Biodegradable/Compostable Plastics, Disposable Syringes and Needle Plant (Single use syringes, Single use Needless & AS Syringes), HDPE, PVC, LLDPE Pipes/Tubes and Fittings, Non-Woven Industry (Carry Bags, Surgical Gown, Face Mask, Round Caps, Shoe Cover, Gloves,  Pet Preform and Pet Jars (20 Ltrs Capacity), Plastic Moulded Chairs (P.P.), Plastic Waste Recycling Unit, Plastic Water storage Tanks, Plasticizers, Pyrolysis Plant from Plastic and Rubber, Rigid PVC Film Manufacture for Pharmaceuticals Blister Packaging,  uPVC Doors and Windows Profile, Wood Plastic Composite Board Line. 

IDENTIFICATION OF PLASTIC MATERIALS

  • Thermoplastics
  • ABS
  • Acetal
  • Acrylic
  • Cellulose Acetate
  • Cellulose Acetate Butyrate
  • Cellulose Propionate
  • fluorocarbons (FEP,CTFE, PTFE, PVF)
  • Nylons
  • Polycarbonate
  • Polyethylene
  • Polyphenylene Oxide (PPO)
  • Polypropylene
  • Polystyrene
  • Polysulfone
  • Polyurethane (Thermoplastic)
  • PVC
  • Thermoplastic Polyester
  • Thremosetting Plastics
  • Dialiyl Pthalate (DAP)
  • Epoxy
  • Metamine Formaldehyde
  • Phenol Formaldehyde
  • Polyesters
  • Silicones
  • Urea Formaldehyde

POLYSTYRENE MANUFACTURING

  • Bulk polymerization
  • Solution polymerization
  • Suspension polymerization
  • Emulsion polymerization
  • Properties 
  • Copolymer of Styrene
  • Styrene Acrylonitrile Copolymer (SAN)
  • Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene-copolymer (ABS copolymers)
  • Blending
  • Grafting
  • Properties
  • Uses

NYLON 6,6 TECHNOLOGY

  • Preparation of the Intermediates
  • Manufacture of Adipic Acid 
  • Manufacture of Hexamethylene Diamine 
  • From Butadiene
  • Industrial Manufacture of Nylon 6,6
  • Manufacturing Process
  • procedure
  • Fiber Properties
  • Nylon 6,10
  • Nylon 11
  • Nylon 7 Poly (wenanthamide)
  • Nylon 9; Poly (w-perlargon amide)
  • Nylonl2
  • Properties and applications

POLYESTER BASED THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMER

  • Beginning 
  • Types
  • Polyester Thermoplastic Elastomers
  • Chemistry of Preparation
  • Microphase Structure
  • Properties
  • Manufacturing Processing
  • Morphological behavior of copolyester TPE
  • Schematic representation of micro domains forming crystalline and amorphous zones in PBT/PTMO polymer
  • TEM images of PBT 45-1000(A), PBT35-1000(B), PBT40-1380(C), PBT 30-1380 (D) and PBT 20-1380 (E and F, PBTc C crystalline PBT) stained with Ru 04 vapour
  • Applications

ALKYD RESINS (POLYESTERS)

  • Properties of polymerizing polyesters
  • Typical end-users

POLYPROPYLENE PLASTICS

  • Introduction
  • Polyproplene resins:the Unique all purpose family
  • Self reinforced polypropylene (SRPP) composites
  • Polypropylene resins compete with engineering plastics and steel
  • Polypropylene  competes with polyamide
  • Polypropylene competes with metal 
  • Clear polypropylene compete with inherently transparent polymers 
  • Natural fibre reinforced polypropylene 
  • Lower densities leading to noticeable weight savings
  • Cheap natural fibres and cheap matrix for appealing cheap composites
  • Conclusion

MELAMINE FORMALDEHYDE RESINS

  • Processing of  melamines
  • Typical end-uses
  • Moulding Applications
  • Alpha-cellulose filled melamine formaldehyde
  • Wood-flour filled melamine formaldehyde
  • Cotton fabric filled melamines
  • Asbestos filled melamines
  • Adhesives
  • Lamination
  • Textile Applications
  • Other characteristics
  • Typical end-uses

PLASTICS USED IN AUTOMOBILES

  • Vehicle Systems and Plastics
  • Interior Systems
  • Exterior Systems
  • Under the Bonnet Systems
  • Other Systems
  • Newer Applications
  • Technological Convergence
  • Technological Upgradation
  • Haptics
  • BSR
  • Fit & Finish
  • Grain & Texture
  • Decorative Finishes
  • Integration through Modules & Systems
  • Cockpit Module
  • Door Module
  • Alternate Materials
  • Polymer Nanocomposites
  • Fibre Composites
  • LGF
  • Thermochromic Material
  • Alternate processes
  • IP Technologies
  • Fabric Backed Trims
  • MuCell Process
  • MFT
  • Blow Moulding
  • Role of Adhesives
  • Interior Systems
  • Exterior Systems
  • Body Panels
  • Under the Bonnet
  • Other Systems
  • Soft Trims
  • Exterior lighting
  • Automotive Glazing
  • Sensors

ABS: ACRYLONITRILE BUTADIENE STYRENE COPOLYMERS

  • Typical Applications
  • Processing
  • Typical end uses

POLYTETRAFLUOROETHYLENE

  • Manufacture of Polytetrafluoroethylene 
  • Uses 

PLASTICS BLEND AND ALLOYS

  • Beginning
  • Scenerio
  • Structure
  • What goes with What
  • The Technology
  • PC/ABS blends
  • Applications
  • PC/ABS blends
  • PC/PBT blends
  • PA blends

POLYVINYLIDENE CHLORIDE PLASTICS

  • Outstanding properties
  • Application
  • Effect of density on properties
  • Flame treatment
  • Chemical treatment
  • Electrostatic discharge treatment
  • Linear Low Density, Polyethylene LLDPE
  • Properties of LLDPE
  • Improved Stiffness
  • Excellent Puncture Resistance
  • Lessor Hexane Extractables
  • Insensitivity to Foreign Matter Inclusion
  • Blow Moulding
  • Usage

DEGRADATION OF POLYMER AND STABILISATION

  • Types of Degradation
  • Thermal Degradation
  • Oxidative Degradation
  • Solvolytic Degradation Hydrolysis
  • Other Types of Degradation
  • Degradation by Radiation
  • Mechanical Degradation
  • Ultrasonic Degradation

SUPERABSORBENT POLYMERS 

  • Inception
  • Swelling RatioModulus of Elasticity
  • Manufacture
  • Processing of Polymers
  • Gel Size Reduction 
  • Drying
  • Grinding and Sieving
  • Surface cross-linking 
  • Application
  • disposable Infant Diapers
  • Adult Incontinence
  • Construction Materials
  • Food Packaging 

CHEMICAL RECYCLING 

  • Cryogenic Recycling of Bottles
  • Recycling of Synthetic Carpet Waste
  • Low-cost Recycle Sorting 
  • Plastics into fuel oil
  • Recycled Engineering Elastomers

PP-R PIPES & FITTINGS FOR HOT AND COLD WATER SYSTEM

  • Introduction
  • appliance
  • Basic Advantage

THERMOPLASTIC RUBBER COMPOUND

  • Inception
  • Equipments used for compounding
  • Mixing is of two types 
  • Raw materials and Sources
  • Manufacturing process with formulation
  • Some typical formulations of TPR compound
  • Characteristics of TPR compound

THERMOSETTING PLASTICS

  • Introduction
  • Kinds of Thermoset Plastics
  • Phenolic Resins
  • Phenols 
  • Resols & novolaks
  • Resol
  • Novolaks
  • Acid & Base Catalysts
  • Basic Conditions
  • Functionality
  • Properties
  • Solubility
  • Manufacturing of Phenolic Resins
  • Process (Novolak)
  • Application of Phenolic Resins
  • Brakelinings
  • Grinding Wheels 
  • Grinding Wheels (Abrasives)
  • Sand core bonding (Foundry)
  • Shellmoulds for metal castings
  • Wood waste boards
  • Impregnation
  • Adhesives (Plywood Glues)
  • Surface Coatings
  • Oil Varnishes
  • Lamp capping cement 
  • Rubber Based Adhesives
  • Rubber Compounds
  • Tackifier
  • Aminoresins
  • Chemistry of Urea & Formaldehyde Formaldehyde
  • Methylol Urea
  • Dimethylol Urea
  • U.F. Resin
  • Melamine Formaldehyde Resin
  • Applications Moulding Materials
  • Process
  • Fillers
  • Curing Catalysts
  • Lubricants
  • Colourants
  • Manufacturing Process
  • Applications of Aminoplastic Mouldings
  • Other Industrial Applications
  • Laminates
  • Aminoresins for Laminating
  • The laminating Process
  • Decorative laminates
  • Industrial laminates
  • Adhesives
  • Manufacture
  • Hardners
  • Extenders
  • Melamine resin adhesives
  • Applications
  • Plywood manufacture
  • Particle Board & Fibre Boards
  • Binders for sand cores
  • Textile Finishing Process
  • Use of Wet Strength Paper
  • Coating Applications
  • The preparation of Butylated Amino resins

VINYL USED IN PIPES

  • Vinyl in pipe applications
  • This is the house that vinyl built
  • Versatility
  • Value
  • Durability
  • Solid Environmental Performance
  • Vinyl in medical applications
  • Clarity and transparency
  • Flexibility, durability and dependability
  • Sterlizability
  • Compatibility
  • Resistance to chemical stress cracking
  • Ease of processing
  • Recyclability
  • Low cost 

WOOD PLASTIC COMPOSITE (WPC)

  • Synopsis
  • Wood-Thermoplastic composite -A New class of material
  • Technology status of WPCs
  • Manufacture & processing Constituents of Wood Composites
  • Resin
  • Wood as filler
  • Wood Flour
  • Application benefits
  • Additive
  • Properties of thermoplastic composites
  • Applications & Market
  • Current Scenario
  • Wood Filled PP Products
  • Wood filled PP for Door Trims
  • Conclusion

ACRYLIC BATH TUB AND SHOWER TRAY

  • Introduction
  • History of bathtubs and bathing
  • Claw foot tub
  • Claw foot tubs come in 5 major styles
  • Baby bathtub
  • Whirlpool tubs
  • Plant Economics of Acrylic Bath Tub and Shower Tray
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum 

ARTIFICIAL MARBLE (SYNTHETIC)

  • Introduction
  • Plant Economics of Artificial Marble (Synthetic 
  • Plant & Machinery
  • List of Manufacturing Equipment
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

BIODEGRADABLE/COMPOSTABLE PLASTICS

  • Biodegradation
  • Materials
  • Effect of biodegradable plastics
  • Plant Economics of Biodegradable/Compostable Plastics
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed capital 
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn over/annum

DISPOSABLE SYRINGES AND NEEDLE PLANT (SINGLE USE SYRINGES, SINGLE USE NEEDLES & AS SYRINGES) 

  • Rated Plant Capacity
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

HDPE, PVC, LLDPE Pipes/Tubes and Fittings

  • PVC Pipe Uses
  • Plant Economics of HDPE, PVC, LLDPE Pipes/Tubes and Fittings
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

NON-WOVEN INDUSTRY (CARRY BAGS, SURGICAL GOWN, FACE MASK, ROUND CAPS, SHOE COVER, GLOVES)

  • Introduction
  • Printed Nonwoven Punch bag
  • Nonwoven Tote Bag W/Zipper
  • Foldable Nonwoven Tote Bag
  • Specifications
  • Nonwoven Shopping Bag
  • Features of the Non Woven Shopping Bag
  • Specifications
  • Products Applications
  • Uses and Applications
  • Nonwoven fabric raw material
  • Shopping bag made of nonwoven fabric 
  • Surgical gown
  • Stretchable and permeable non-woven protective gloves
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

PET PREFORM AND PET JARS (20 LTRS CAPACITY)

  • Plant Economics of Pet Preform and Pet Jars (Cap 20 Ltrs)
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

PLASTIC MOULDED CHAIRS (P.P)

  • Plant Economics of Plastic Moulded Chairs (P.P.)
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

PLASTIC WASTE RECYCLEING UNIT

  • Introduction
  • Plant Economics of Plastic Waste Recycling Unit 
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

PLASTIC WATER STORAGE TANKS

  • Plant Economics of Plastic Water Storage Tanks 
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

PLASTICIZERS

  • Introduction
  • For Plastics
  • Ester plasticizers
  • For concrete
  • For gypsum wallboard production
  • Plasticizers for energetic materials
  • Plasticizer Markets
  • Plant Economics of Plasticizers
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

PYROLYSIS PLANT FROM PLASTIC AND RUBBER

  • Plant Economics of Pyrolysis Plant from Plastic & Rubber
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

RIGID PVC FILM MANUFACTURE FOR PHARMACEUTICALS BLISTER PACKAGING

  • Plant Econnomics of Rigid PVC film Manufacture for Pharmaceuticals Blister Packaging
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

uPVC DOORS AND WINDOWS PROFILE

  • Plant Economics of UPVC doors and windows profiles
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum

WOOD PLASTIC COMPOSITE BOARD LINE 

  • Introduction
  • Plant Economics of Wood Plastic Composite Board Line
  • Plant & Machinery
  • Fixed Capital
  • Raw Materials
  • Total Working Capital/Month
  • Total Capital Investment
  • Turn Over/Annum
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