paint pigment varnish & lacquer manufacturing (hand book)

paint pigment varnish & lacquer manufacturing (hand book)
Author: EIRI Books
ISBN: 8186732160
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PAINT PIGMENT VARNISH & LACQUER MANUFACTURING

PAINTS AND ENAMELS


Introduction
Oil Paints
Paste Paints
Ready Mixed Paints
Enamels
Hard Gloss Paints
Special Paints
Preparation of Bronze Paints
Properties
Water Paints
Washable Distempers
Powder Distempers

SOLVENTS AND PLASTICISERS

Introduction
Solvents
General Properties of Solvents
Classification of Solvents
High aromatic solvents from petroleum
Solvents from coal tar
Terpene solvents
Petroleum Hydrocarbons
White Spirit
High Aromatic solvents
Solvents from coaltar
Benzol
Toluol
Xylol
Xylene
Terpene Solvents
Composition and Properties
Dipentene
Pine Oil
Methanol
Ethanol
N-Propyl Alcohol
ISO Propyl Alcohol
N-Butyl Alcohol
ISO Butyl Alcohol
ISO Butyl Alcohol
Secondary Butyl Alcohol
Secondary Butyl Alcohol
Di-Acetone Alcohol
Esters
Amyl Acetate
Ethers
Glycol Ethers
Ketones
Acetones
Methyl Ethnyl Ketones
Methylene Chloride
Chloroform
Plasticisers
Esters
Castor Oil
Blown castor oil
Camphor
Chlorinated Waxes
Chlorinated Di-Phenyls

MORE OTHER IMPORTANT DETAILS ON SOLVENTS AND PLASTICISERS

Introduction
Volatile Solvents
Turpentines
Manufacturing Process
Compositions
Properties
Colour
Odour
Distillation Range
Evaporation
Chemical Reactions
Specifications
Polymerisations Residue
Flash Point
Rectified oil
Fat Turpentine
Oxidised Turpentine
American Wood Turpentine
Russian Turpentine
Tar Spirit
Pine Oil
Rosin Spirit
White Spirit Manufacturing
Distillation Range
Uses of White Spirit
Benzol
Hydrogenated Naphthalenes
Tetralin
Dekalin
Alcohols
Methyl Alcohol
Wood Spirit
Ethyl Alcohol
Absolute Alcohol
Methylated Spirit
Industrial Spirit
Butyl Alcohol
Amyl Alcohol
Benzyl Alcohol
Cyclohexanol
Methylcyclohexanol
Di-Acetone Alcohol
Ketones
Acetones
Methyl Ethyl Ketone
Methyl Acetone
Acetone Oils
Acetone Oils
Ethers
Glycol Ethers
Esters
Chlorinated Hydrocarbons
Derivates of Methane
Derivatives of Ethylene
Derivatives of Ethane
Benzene Derivatives
Derivatives of Glycerol
Carbon Bi-Sulphide
Plasticisers
Esters
Assay and Analysis of Solvents
Distillation Range
Evaporation and Volatility
Inflammability and Flash Point
Acidity or Alkalinity
Moisture
Sulphur
Coal Tar Distillers
Turpentines
Ketones
Hydroxylamine Method
Esters

THINNERS

Introduction


POWDER COATING PRODUCTION

Introduction
Premixing
Compounding
Heating Method
Easy of Cleaning and maintenance
Cooling and Flaking Molten Extrudate
Grinding
Process Development
Formulations of Powder Coatings
Epoxy System
Epoxy Polvester system
Polyurethane system

BITUMINOUS PAINTS

Introduction
Filler
Bitumen Varnishes
Bitumen Emulsions
Bituminous Coatings
Bituminous Enamel
Asphalt or Bitumen Emulsions

SYNTHETIC ENAMEL PAINTS

Introduction
Formulations of Synthetic Enamel Paints
Gray Flour Enamel
Non Yellowing Utility Enamel
Non Yellowing super white Architectural
Low cost synthetic white enamel
Bobbin Enamel
Olive Green Dipping Enamel
White Enamel Paint Indoor
Enamel Coating for Cans
Porch and Deck Enamel (Grey)


EMULSIONS PAINTS

Introduction
Oleoresinous Emulsions Paints
Emulsion Paints of the Oil/Water Type
Optional Ingredients
Preparation of the Aqueous Phase
Preparation of the Oil Phase
Oil Resins and their combinations
Vehicle
Pigmentation of Emulsion Paints
Proportion of the pigment to vehicle
Manufacture of Paste Paints
Oil water type (Alkyd) Emulsion paints
The Resins Phase
The Aqueous Phase
Water oil type Emulsion Paints
Application of Emulsion Paints
Merits and Demerits of Emulsion Paints
Latex Emulsion Paints
Equipment Used for Emulsion Making
Polyvinyl Acetate
Properties and used of vinyl Emulsion
Polyvinyl chloride Emulsions
Acrylic Emulsion Paints
Formulations of Emulsion Paints
High Thixotropic Emulsulons
Thixtropic Paints Emulsions
Thixropic Paints
Ziroconium Complexes
Thixtropic Emulsion Paints
Anti Efflorescent Fr Roffing Tiles
Paint for Cement Roofing Tiles
Gloss Paints
Gloss Paints Formulations
Technical Acrylic Emulsions
Acrylic Type Gloss and Semi Glossemulsion Paints
Acrylic Type Gloss Emulsion Paints
Addition of Alkali Soluble Resin
Gloss Emulsion Paints, Vinyl Co-Polymer Emulsion with Alkali Soluble Acrylic
Gloss Emulsion Paints Based on vinylidine Co-Polymer
Under Coats and Primer Sealers
Vinyl Acetate Polymers
Primers Sealers Formulation
Alkali Soluble Acrylic Polymers
Coating of old Oil Paints
Emulsion with added keying agent
Emulsion paint for exterior use
Acrylic and vinyl acetate  co-polymer
Exterior Sand Paint
Exterior Paint Acrylic and Acrylic Styrene Polymer Based
Emulsion paints for interior use
Interior Emulsion Paint

DISTEMPERS

Introduction
Dry Distemper
Paste Distemper
Oil free distempers
Oil Bound Distempers
Process of Manufacture of Oil Free Distemper
Raw materials for casein paints
Pigments of Low opacity
Coloured pigments
Casein
Chemical Reagents
Other ingredients of the non volatile vehicle
Anti foaming agents preservatives and volatile thinners
Manufacture Process of dry powder paints
Glue based distempers
Oil bound distempers
Casein or glue based distempers
Soybean protein based distempers
Various formulaes of Distempers
Casein bound distempers
Plastic wall distempers

NITROCELLULOSE LACQUERS

Introduction
Raw Material used
Alcohol soluble nitrocellulose
Spirit Soluble Nitrocellulose
Bronzing Nitrocellulose
Silver Lacquer Nitrocellulose
Resins
Plasticizers
Solvents
Diluents
Manufacturing Process of cellulose Lacquers
Black Lacquer Enamel
Lacquer Sanding Sealer
Zinc Stearate Paste
Lacquer Sanding Sealer
Gloss Wood Lacquer
Metal Lacquers
Clear Brass Lacquer
Silver Lacquer
Air Plane Dopes

PIGMENTS AND EXTENDERS

Introduction
Inorganic pigments
Pigments
Lead
Texture
Basic lead Sulphate
Lithopone
Zinc Oxide
Titanium Dioxide
Antimony White
Barium Compounds
Strintium White
Calcium Compounds
Terra Alba or Mineral White
Magnesite
Alumina White
Silicon Compounds
China Clay
Mica
Silica
Talc
Abbestine
Red Pigments
Red Iron Oxide
Red Pigments of Natural Origin
Red Pigments of Synthetic Origin
Redlead
Orange Lead
Cadmium Red
Antimony Red
Yellow and Orange Pigments
Primrose Chrome
Lemon Chrome
Middle Chrome
Scarlet Chrome
Zinc Chrome
Zinc Tietroxy Chromate
Barium Chromate
Strontium Chromate
Cadmium Yellow
Yellow Oxides of Iron
Ochres
Umbers
Ferrite Yellows
Green Pigments
Chrome Green Pigments
Chromium Oxide Green
Guignets  Green or Virdian
Coablt Green
Blue Pigments
Ultramarine Blue
Prussian Blue
Cobalt Blue
Black Pigments
Carbon Blacks
Vegetable (Lamp) Black
Graphite
Bone Black
Black Oxide of Iron
Organic Pigments
Toluidine Red
Toluidine Maroons
Para Reds
Naphthol Red
Toluidine Maroons
Para Reds
Naphthol Reds
Hansa Yellows
Benzidine Yellows
Thio Indigo
Phthalocyanine Pigments
Phthalocyanine Blue
Pthalocyanine Green
Metal Free Phthalocyanine

VARNISHES

Introduction
Oil Varnishes
Manufacturing Process of Varnishes
Varnishes from fused & Esterified Copals
Types of Oil Varnishes
Some Typical Formulations for Varnishes
Furniture Varnishes
Metal Primer Varnishes
Varnishes of Maximum Water Resistance and Durability
Alkali Resistant Varnishes
Alkyd Resin Short Oil Varnish
Spirit Varnishes
Shellac Varnishes
Oxidized Rosin Varnishes
Phenolic Rosin Varnishes
Urea Formaldehyde Rosin Varnishes
Varnish Formulations of Spirit Varnishes
Floor Varnish
Electrical Insulating Varnish
Exterior Varnish
Water Resisting Varnish (Spar Varnish)
Glycerol Phthalate Spar Varnish
Vitumen Varnish
Epoxy Phenolic Primer Varnish

PAINT FORMULAES

Introduction
White finishes for Metals
Priming
Stoving Primer white (Best Quality)
Stoving Primer White
Stoving Primer White (Based on D.C.O.Alkyd)
Stoving Primer(Based on D.C.O. Epoxy Ester)
Surfacing
Paste Filler Grey
Kniffing Grey Filler (Superior Quality)
Spraying Filler off White
Undercoating
Finishing Coats
Stoving Enamel for Refrigerators
Stoving Enamel for Refrigerators (with Improved Adhesion)
Stoving Enamel for Hospital Equipments
Low cost Stoving for Light Fixture, Hospital Equipments, Washing Machines and Kitchen Cabinets
Lost Cost Stoving Enamel for Lighting Fixtures
Very Low cost  stoving Enamel (Lighting Fixtures
White Baking Enamel Based on Epoxy Ester Melamine Formaldehyde Resin
Baking Enamel Based on Epoxy Urea Formaldehyde Resin
White Enamel Based on Epoxy Polyamide Resins
White Enamel Based on Acrylic Resin
Machinery and Furniture Finishes
Mediums for Furniture and Machinery Finishes
Low cost Medium for First Coat
Cheaper Quality Medium for First Coat
Medium for First Coat (Medium Quality)
Medium for first coat
Medium for finishing coat
Medium Oil Modified Phenolic Varnish
Modified Phenolic Varnish
Primers
Synthetic Red Oxide Primer
Red Oxide Zinc Chromate Primer
Red Oxide Primer (Medium Quality)
Surfacers
Low cost kniffing Grey filler
Low cost spraying Grey Filler
Kniffing Paste Filler Grey (Top Quality)
Synthetic Spraying Filler Grey
Finishes
Low Cost Air Drying-Cum-Stoving Olive Green Enamel
Olive Green Stoving Enamel
Smoke Grey Air Drying Cum Stoving Enamel
Light Grey Air Drying cum Stoving Enamel
Steel  Grey Air Drying cum Stoving Enamel

VARNISHES FORMULAE

Introduction
Oleoresinous varnishes
Furniture Varnishes
Furniture Varnish (Low Cost)
Furniture Varnish (Better Quality)
Furniture Varnish (Low cost quality)
Water Resistant Furniture Varnish
Furniture Varnish
Aluminium Paint Varnishes
Varnish for Aluminium Paint
Varnish for Aluminium Paint for Interior use
Low cost varnish for Aluminium Paint Interior Use
High Grade Varnish for Aluminium Paint
Decorative Varnish for Tin
Metal Decorating Varnish
Decorating Varnish (Non Yellowing Metal)
Varnishes for Metal and Wood Primers
Varnish for Metal Primers (Air Drying cum Stoving)
Low cost varnish for metal Premiers
Medium quality varnish for metal primers
Varnish for wood Primers
Water resistant varnishes
D.C.O. Phenolic water resistant varnish
Alkali resistant varnishes
Phenolic D.C.O. Alkali Resistant Varnish
D.C.O. Linseed Coumarone Phenoilc
Resin Varnish
Spar Varnishes
Pure Phenolic D.C.O. Linseed Spar Varnish
Modified and pure phenolic D.C.O. Varnish
Floor Varnishes
Insulating Varnishes
Insulating Varnish (Impregnating and Core Plate)
Air Drying Insulating Varnishes
Clear Finish Insulating Varnish
Insulating Varnish (Better Quality)
Spirit Varnishes
Shellac Varnishes
Interior Decotrative Varnish shellac varnish with Improved water  Resistance
French Polishes
Low cost shellac french polish Frensh Polish with Improved  water resistance
Colourless or white water resistant and durable polish
Insulating Varnish
Electric Insulating Varnish
Flexible Insulating Varnish
Industrial Insulating Varnish
Insulating varnish (Fast air drying)
Insulating Varnish Based on Shellac

IMPORTANT FORMULATIONS OF READY MIXED & STIFF PAINTS

Ready Mixed Paints
White Ready Mixed Paint
Ready Mixed Paint Finishing oil Gloss for exterior purposes (Colour white)
Azure Blue Ready mixed paint
Oxford Blue
Ready Mised Paint Finishing oil gloss for exterior purposes
Ready Mixed Paint Brushing, Finishing Semi Gloss (Brown)
Ready mixed paint Brushing, Finishing, Oil Gloss for General
Purpose (Golden Brown)
Brown Ready Mixed Paint
Yellow Ready Mixed Paint
Ready Mixed, Finishing oil gloss for general purposes (Green)
Dark Green Ready Mixed Paint
Ready mixed, finishing oil gloss for general purpose  (Grey and Allied Colours)
Ready mixed, finishing oil gloss for interior purpose (Grey and Allied Colours)
Post Office Red
Ready Mixed Paint, Spraying, Finishing for Railway under frames (Block)
Ready mixed Paints, Brushing, Finishing Semi Gloss for General Purposes (Block)
Ready mixed paint under coating for exterior purposes
Stiff Paints
White Stiff Paint
Zinc Stiff Paint
White stiff paint for interior purposes
Green stiff paint

INSULATING VARNISHES AND WIRE ENAMELS

Introduction
Electrical Properties
Mechanical Properties
Chemical Properties
Thermal Properties
Types of Insulating Varnishes
Oleoresinous varnishes
Oil modified synthetic resin varnishes
Amine/Alkyd Varnishes
Epoxy resin varnishes
Silicone Varnishes
 Air Drying Insulating Varnishes
spirit Varnishes
Oleoresinous Varnishes
Alkyd varnishes
Varnishes for tropical finishing
Other Types of Insulating Varnishes
Formulation of Insulating Varnishes
Elextrical Insulating Varnishes
Flexible Insulating Varnishes
Insulating Varnishes
Electrical Insulation
Electrical Insulation
Electrical Insulating Compound
Electrical Insulating Tape
Insulating Composition
Formulation fr Insulating Varnishes
Silicon Type Insulation
Some Insulating Materials
Polstyrene
Insulating Varnish from CNSL
Manufacturing Insulating Varnish
A Superior Electrical Varnish from CNSL
Methods of use
Initial Drying
Impregnation by Dipping
Impregnation by Vacuum
Curing and Hardening
Finishing
Wire Enamels and its
Manufacturing Process
Formulations of Wire Enamels
Electric Wire Lacquers
Enamelling of Iron
Formulation for an insulating Enamel

TESTING & EVALUATION OF PAINTS

Introduction
Viscosity
Brushability
Converting Power
Opacity
Pfund Cryptometer
Contrast Ratio Method
Drying Time
The B.K. Drying Tester
Density
Volatile Contents
Flash Point
Colour Assessment
Test on Dry Films
Hardners
Bend Test
Erichsen Test
The Hounds Field Tensio Meter Test

PROJECT PROFILES

Aluminium Paints
Bitumin Based Industry
Cement Paint (Dry) (Snowcem Type)
Clear Transparent Lacquer for Coating on Brass Bangles
Cement Paint
Dry Distemper
Emulsion Paints
Epoxy Resin Based Primer (Putty)
Hammertone Paints
Heat Chamber Painting
Naphtha Based Thinner
N.C. Thinners used  in Auto parts
N.C. Putty (Car Putty)
Oil Bound Distemper
Paint Industry Primer
Paints Industry
Paints for Auto Vehicles
Putty and water proofing Paint
Paint Brushes
Paint Driers
Putty (Metal Casement Putty) (Asian Paints Type)
Paint Removers
Powder Spray Painting Workshop
Stoving Paints
Thinners
Varnish and Paints Industry
Wire Enamels (Poly Vinyl Butyral Based)
Wood Primer for Paints

SUPPLIERS OF PLANT, EQUIPMENTS &  MACHINERIES

SUPPLIERS OF RAW MATERIALS

DETAILS OF PLANT EQUIPMENT & MACHINERIES


Paint Machinery
Paint Mixers
Edge Inner Mills
Horizontal Paste Mixer
Powder and light paste mixers
heavy duty paste mixers
kneading and  mixing machine
Pig Mixers
Change Can Mixers
Roller Mills
Ball Mills or Pebble Mills
Sand Grinder
Colloid Mills
Kady Mills
High Speed Impellers
Refining
Packing


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