technology of building materials and chemicals with processes (hand book)

technology of building materials and chemicals with processes (hand book)
Author: EIRI Books
ISBN: 8186732543
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TECHNOLOGY OF BUILDING MATERIALS  AND CHEMICALS WITH PROCESSES

DETAILS OF CONSTRUCTIONS CHEMICALS


Construction Chemicals and Their Utilities
Concrete Mix Design Details

SUPER PLASTICIZERS IN CONCRETE

Background
Types of Super Plasticizers
Effect of Super Plasticizers
Improvements in the Properties of Concrete
Consistency Change and Water Reduction
Strength Development
Saving in Cement
Long Term Strength Development
Conclusions

MINERAL ADMIXTURES

Pozzolans
Artificial Pozzolans
Classification
Cncrete with microsilica (Silica Fume)
Rheological Behaviour of Fresh Concrete
Other Important Properties
Highest Strength
Weight Savings
Permeability to Water
Corrosion Resistance
Chloride Penetration and Carbonation
Other Advantages
Set Controlling Chemicals
Air Entraining Admixtures
Accelerating Admixtures
Set Accelerators
How do Aluminate Accelerators work chemically in the Hydration Process
Modified Sodium Silicates/ Water Glass
New Developments
Water Reducing and Set Controlling Admixtures
Fluid Microconcrete - Properties and Application
The Original Requirement characteristics of the fluid Microconcrete
Flow
Permeability
Shrinkage
Bond
Strength and Compatibility
Placing Fluid Microconcrete
Renderoc LA
Conclusion
Two Component, Non-Chloride Additive Gives Shotcrete Flexiibility
Delvocrete System
Wet Mix Method
Dry Mix Method
A light weight Filler Composed of Hollow, Alumino Silicate
Microspheres
Lightweight
Spherical
Temperature Resistant
Insulating
Pozzolanic
Strength

USE OF PHOSPHOGYPSUM ANHYDRITE IN CONSTRUCTION WORKS

Properties of Phosphogypsum Anhydrite Plaster
Chemical Properties
Physical Properties
Uses of Phosphogypsum Anhydrite Plaster
Masonry Mortars
Internal Plastering
Phosphogypsum Anhydrite Plaster and Sand
As a Finish and Base Coat Plaster
Light Weight Blocks
Anhydrite Saw Dust Blocks
Anhydrite Foamed Slag Blocks
Neat Plaster Blocks
Neat Anhydrite Plaster Blocks
Acoustic Tiles

USE OF 53 GRADE CEMENT FOR PRODUCTION OF HIGH QUALITY CONCRETE

A Comparison of 33, 43 and 53 Grade Cements
Manufacture
Relationship between Water cement Ratio and 28 Day
Concrete Strength
Economics in Concrete by use of 53 Grade Cement
Nominal Mix Design  
Design Mix Concrete
Design Mix for Prestressed Concrete Poles
Concrete Mix Design New Curve for 53 Grade Cement
Conclusion

CONCRETE BLOCK FROM BRICKS

Manufacture of Blocks
Selection and Proportion of Ingredients
Mixing of Ingredients
Placing and Vibration of Concrete
Curing
Application of Concrete Blocks
Advantages of Using Concrete Blocks

ASSESSMENT OF FLYASH LIME SOIL MIXTURES FOR UTILIZATION IN MANUFACTURE OF BRICKS AND CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS

Flyash Utilization
Properties
Flyash
Lime
Soil
Results and Discussions Unconfined Compressive Strength
California Bearing Ratio (CBR) Test
Hand Moulded Bricks
Pressure Moulded Bricks
Conclusion

REINSTATEMENT OF INDUSTRIAL FLOORS

Materials for Reinstatement Overlays
Shrinkage
Restrained Shrinkage Testing
Rheological and Setting Time Properties
Mechanical Properties
Equipment for Applying Industrial Floor Overlays

POLYMER BASED TILE ADHESIVES

Monomer and Polymers
Polymer Cement Concrete
Polymer based Tile Adhesives
Applications
Methodology
Testing of Tile Adhesive
Shear Adhesion Test
Test Result

MASONRY CEMENT FROM INDUSTRIAL WASTES

Background
Masonry Cement
Present Status
National Impact
Masonry Cement in Gujarat
Masonry Cement Mortars
Performance of Masonry cement
Performance in the Laboratory
Performance in the Field

EXTRUDED CLAY PRODUCTS

Introduction
Choice of Technology
Plant for MechanizedShaping
CBRI Brick Extrusion Machine
Cutting of Extruded Column
Hand Operated Cutting Table
Semi Automatic Cutting Table
Semi Mechanized Process of Brick Making
Project Profile
Availability of Plant
Applications
Clay fly Ash Bricks
Canal Lining Tiles
Facing Tiles
Other Products


COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF BRICK MASONRY

Materials Used
Testing Programme
Results and Discussion

LIGHT WEIGHT BUILDING MATERIALS

Light Weight Roofing Sheets
Asphaltic Paper Board
Raw Materials
Pulping
Refining
Board Making
Water Proofing Treatment
Novel Features
End Uses
Walls/Partition
Fibre Board From Cellulosic Waste
Process
Binder
Novel Features
Rice Husk Composite Board
Process
Novel Features
End Uses

PRODUCTION OF CALCIUM SILICATE BRICKS

Manufacturing Process
Plant and Machinery
Material Handling System
Shaping or Pressing Section
Autoclave and Boiler Section
Work Done At CBRI
Engineering Properties of the Bricks

FLYASH LIME BRICKS

Advantages  of Flyash Lime Bricks
General
Technical
Technology
Potentiality of Flyash Lime Bricks
Role of BMTPC
Conclusion


RIGID PVC FOAM SHEETS

Raw materials
Production Processes
Solvent Gas or Physical Foaming Process
Gas Releasing or Chemical Foaming Agent Process
Properties
Comments

PRECAST HOLLOW CORE SLABS

Prestressed Precast Hollow Core Slabs
Technical Details
Speed of Erection
Saving in Cement
Minimum of Wet Concrete
Finished Soffits
Long Spans Achievable
Diaphragm Action
Fire Resistance
Preformed Site Services
Immediate Working Platform
Flexibility of Design Approach
Structural Efficiency
Elimination of Edge Shuttering
Rigorous Quality
Production
Casting of Beds and Pulling of Strands
Tensioning of Strands
Concrete Transportation
Extrusion, Hole Manufacturing Slab Covering
Cutting
Lifting, Drilling the Drainage Hole
Transportation to Stockyard
Handling the Slabs in the Stockyard
Technology

WATER PROOFING BY WATER DESPERSIBLE POLYURETHANE COATINGS

Types of Polyurethane Coatings
Polyurethanes
Water Dispersible Coatings
Historical
Chemical Nature
Physical Properties
Environmental Impact
Application Methods and Curing
Desired Requirements with Respect to Buildings
Conclusions

CALCIUM SILICATE BRICKS, BLOCKS AND TILES

Benefits
Dimensions and Applications
Cost Effectiveness

WATERPROOFING MATERIALS AND METHODS

Protective Surface Coatings
Intergral Waterproofing Systems
Waterproofing by Chemical Grouts
Injection System
Field Studies at Salal H.E. Project
Efficacy of Chemical Grouts
Conclusions

NEW TRENDS IN WATERPROOFING

Definition
Objective and Design Considerations
Materials and Standards

WATERPROOFING BY POLYMER MODIFIED CEMENTITIOUS COMPOSITES COATING

Properties and Advantages
Definitions
Properties
Chemical Resistance
Bond Strength to Existing Surfaces
oefficient of Thermal Expansion
Advantages
Specification
PMCC Coating
Cement
Liquid Polymer Blend
Aggregate
Water
Mixing of PMCC Coating Materials
Execution
Preparation of Surface
Installation of PMCC Coating
Curing of PMCC Coating

ELASTOMERIC POLYURETHANE WATERPROOFING

Polyurethane
Properties of Polyurethane
Applications
Comparision with other Waterproofing System
Conclusions

FIBREGLASS REINFORCED PLASTICS WATER STORAGE TANKS

Water Storage Tanks
District Advantages of FRP water storage tanks over steel and concrete tanks
Manufacturing Methods
Raw Materials
Process
Advantages of FRP over polyethlene water storage tanks
A study on FRP Panel Type Water storage tanks
Basic Raw Materials
Construction layup Sequence
Weight Fibreglass
Flanges along the sides of the panel
Resin
Costing
Approx, Selling Rate
Notes

FRP PRE FABRICATED CABINS AND SHELTERS

Design Principles
Sandwich Construction
Design Requirement
A plan for thedesign process
Size of Unit
Functions
Rigidity
Shape
Stress Flow
Cnnections
Fase of Manufacture
Texture
Colour
Combustibility

FIBREGLASS PRODUCTS

Fibreglass Reinforced Plastics Rooflite Sheets
A Comparision of Construction Costs
Conclusion
Fibreglass Doors
Disadvantages of Conventional Materials
Some Cost Comparisons
Why GRP Doors
Government Policy
Psychological Inhibitions and Hesitations
Recommendations
Glassfibre Reinforced Plastic Pipes
Construction and Design
Benefits
Applications
Municipal Water Supply and Waste Water
Oil and Gas Industry
Power Industry
Mining Industry
Heating and Air Conditioning Industry
Agriculture Industry
International Standards

FRP ROOFLIGHT SHEETS FOR DAYLIGHTING

Fibreglass Reinforced Plastic (FRP)
FRP Rooflight Sheets

ASPHALTIC ROOFING SHEETS

Composition
Production
Applications
Roofing Role of Galvanized
Corrugated Sheets

RED MUD PLASTIC CORRUGATED ROOFING SHEETS

Properties of RMP Sheets
Composition of RMP
Applications
Specifications

ALUMINIUM CORRUGATED SHEET

Advantages
Corrosion resitance
Strength
Lightness
High heat reflectivity
Choice of Industrial Troughed profile
Lengths up to 7m
Stucco embossed finish
Convenience
Economy
Case History
High resale value
A.C. Sheets

READY MIXED CONCRETE

Ready Mixed Concrete in Advanced Countries
The Indian Scenario
RMC in India Prospects
Standard Specifications
Mix Design
Quality Control
Production and Delivery
Conclusion

WATER PROOFING BY FERROCEMENT

Materials
Cement
Sand
Water
Reinforcing Mesh
Admixtures
Mix Propertions
Procedure of Waterproofing Treatment
Conclusion

TIMBER SUBSTITUTES

Metals
Polyvinyl Chloride
Fibre Boards
Precast RCC Frames
Particle Board
Fibre Glass Reinforced Plastic
Plantation Timber
Red Mud Jut Fibre Polymer Composite
Expanded Polystyrene Composite
Glass Reinforced Gypsum
Other Substitutes
Conclusion

CLAY FLYASH BRICKS

Clay flyash Brick A Potential Building Materials
Extrusion Plant
De-airing Brick Extrusion Machine
Lower Deck Main Auger Section
Upper Deck Clay Mixer Pug Sealer Vacuum Chamber Section
Vacuum Chamber and Deairing
Semi Automatic Cutting Table
Plant Operation
Pilot Plant Trials
Technology for Commercial Production
Conclusion

REINFORCED FLYASH BRICKWORK

Materials Used
Test Specimens
Experimentation
Results and Discussion
Conclusion


GLASS FIBRE REINFORCED PLASTICS

Properties and Advantages
Applications of GRP
Translucency Application
Prefabricated House
Cladding
Water Storage Tanks
Doors and Windows
Sanitaryware
Mass Seating System
Structural Profiles
Conclusion

AUTOCLAVED AERATED CONCRETE BLOCKS

Characteristics
Light Weight
Economical
ThermalInsulation
Sound Insulation
Fire Resistance
Moisture Resistance
Workability
Fixings
Surface Finishing
Cost Analysis Study
Conclusion

FLOORING TILES

Types of Flooring Tiles
Wood or Parquet Flooring
Cork Tile
Cement concrete Tiles
Magnestic Flooring Tiles
Unglazed Ceramic Tiles
Natural Marble and Granite  Tiles
Asphalt Tile
Rubber Tile
Vinyl Asbestos Tile
Vinyl Tile
Plastic Terrazzo Tile
Vinyl Cushioned Flooring
International Scenario
Discussion
Conclusion

SAND LIME/CALCIUM SILICATE BRICKS

General
Materials
Dimensions and Tolerances
Classification
Physical Characteristics
Compressive Strength
Drying Shrinkage
Sampling and Criteria for Conformity

FLYASH LIME BRICKS

General
Materials
Flyash
Bottom Ash
Sand
Lime
Additive
Dimensions and Tolerances
Classification
Physical Characteristics
Compressive Strength
Drying Shrinkage
Efflorescence Test
Water Absorption
Sampling and Criteria for Conformity

CLAY FLYASH BRICKS

General
Dimensions and Tolerances
Physical Characteristics
Classification
Compressive Strength
Water absorption
Effiorescence
Sampling and Criteria for Confirmity

CLAY FLOORING TILES

General
Dimensions and Tolerances
Tolerances
Length and Breadth
Thickness
Warpage
Classification
Sampling
Details of Test
Water Absorption Test
Flexural Strength Test
Non Compliance with Tests

BURNT CLAY FLAT TERRACING TILES

General
Machine Made Tiles
Dimensions and Tolerances
Tolerance
Physical Characteristics
Water Absorption
Flexural Strength
Warpage
Sampling and Testing
Hand Made Tiles
General
Dimensions and Tolerances
Tolerances
Physical Characteristics
Water Absorption
Compressive Strength
Warpage
Sampling and Testing

FIBROUS GYPSUM PLASTER BOARDS

General
Materials
Fibre
Methods of Manufacture
Dimensions and Tolerances
Finish
Physial Characteristics
Visual Inspections
Transverse Bending Test
Surface Hardness Test
Test for Determining Fibre Contents
Sampling and Testing


PRECAST SOLID CEMENT CONCRETE BLOCKS

General
Dimensions and Tolerances
Building Dimensions
Tolerances
Materials
Mould
Casting and Curing
Casting
Curing
Physical Properties of the Block
Method of Construction

PRECAST CONCRETE STONE MASONRY BLOCKS

General Dimensions and Tolerances
Tolerances
Materials
Casting and Curing
Mix
Placing and compaction
Curing
Physical Requirements
General
Classification
Compressive Strength
Water Absorption
Method of Construction
Laying of blocks
Curing
Serivce pipes and electrical fittings

HOLLOW OR SOLID LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE MASONRY UNITS

General Dimensions and Tolerances
Materials
Cement
Light weight aggregate
Additives and Admixtures
Casting and Curing
Concrete Mix
Casting of blocks
Curing
Drying
Physical Requirements
Classification
Drying Shrinkage
Surface Texture and Finish

REINFORCED CONCRETE DOOR AND WINDOW FRAMES

General
Dimensions and Tolerances
Materials
Casting and Curing
Mould
Construction and finish
Positioning of reinforcement
Casting
Arrangements for Fixtures and Fittings
Hinge directly attached to frame
Hinge welded to frame
Tower bolts
Hold fasts
Method of Construction

FERROCEMENT DOOR SHUTTERS

General
Dimensions and Tolerances
Panelled or flush shutters size
Thickness of Panelled Shutters
Weight
Tolerances
Materials
Casting and Curing
Mesh Preparation
Casting
Demoulding
Curing
Method of Construction
Painting

PRECAST FERROCEMENT WATER TANKS

General
Capacity
Dimensions and Tolerances
Materials
Method of Construction
Reinforcement
Casting and curing
Casting Platform
Casting
Curing
Painting
Cover Slab
Water Tightness Test

PRECAST CONCRETE MANHOLE COVERS AND FRAMES

General
Dimensions and Tolerances
Materials
Cement
Aggregate
Concrete
Reinforcement
Fibres
Classification
Lifting Device
Finishing and Coating
Physical Requirements
General
Load Test

DETAILS OF MACHINERIES

Precast Concrete Door/Window
Frame Making Machine
Better Quality, Speedy Production
Setting up a Project
Project Cost
Plant/Machinery Requirements
Properties
Additional Information
Machine for Ferrocement Roofing Channels
Machine Specifications
Setting up a Project
Project Cost
Plant and Machinery requirements
Product specifications
Alternate Station Hydraulic Press
Salient Features
Machine Specifications
Setting up a Project
Project Cost
Plant/Machinery requirements
Additional Information
FingerJointing and Shaping Machine for Plantation Timebers
Project Objectives
Capabilities of the Machine
Machine Description
Machine Specifications
Finger Shaping Machine
Finger Jointing Press
Setting up a Project
Manufacture of finger jointed lumber
Production Capacity
Shaper capacity
Press capacity
Net sales value
Processing cost
Flyash Sand Lime Brick Making Machine
Technical Specifications
Specifications of Product
Operational Controls
Setting up a Project
Project cost
Plant and machinery requirements
Additional information
Solid/Hollow concrete Block making machine
Machine Specifications
Setting up project
Project cost
Plant/Machinery requirements
Additional information
Ferrocement C-Beam (Rafter) Machine
Salient Features
Machine Specifications
Setting up a Project
Project Cost
Plant/Machinery requirements
Additional Information
Ferrocement wall panel machine
Salient Features
Machine Specifications
Setting up a Project
Project Cost
Plant/Machinery requirements
Additional information
Precast concrete Plank and Joist casting machine
A RCC Plank Casting Machine
Salient Features
Machine specifications
RCC Joist casting machine
Salient Features
Machine specifications
Setting up a Project
Project Cost
Plant /Machinery Requirements
Additional Information
Precast Concrete L-Panel Making Machine
Salient Features
Machine Specifications
Setting up a Project
Project Cost
Plant /Machinery reqirements
Additional Information
Ferrocement Door Shutter Making Machine
Machine Specifications
Clay Flyash Brick Making Machine
Capacity of the press
Machine Specifications
Automatic Coal Stoker for Brick and Tile Industry
The Present System of Firing
The Design of Coal Stoker
Stone/Coal Disintegrator (Crusher)
Salient Features
Machine Specifications
Multipurpose Stone Processing Machine
Salient Features
Machine Specifications
Hot Press for Manufacture of Bamboo Material Corrugated Roofing sheet
Specifications of Hydraulic Hot Press
Directional Vibro Press
Salient Features
Machine Specifications
Small Size Machine
Medium Size Mahine
Large Size Machine
Setting up a Project
Project Cost
Plant/Machinery requirements
Additional Information


MANUFACTURING OF MOSAIC TILES

Classification of Mosaic Tiles
General Purpose Tiles
Designer Tiles
Chequered Tiles
Heavy Duty Tiles
Standard Sizes of cement tiles
Manufacturing of Mosaic Tiles
Raw Materials
Preparation of Mortar Mix
Machinery and Equipment
Tiles Moulding
Precautions
Testing of Tiles

MINI CEMENT PLANT

Salient Features
Capacity
Production Process
Plant and Equipment
Raw Mills Section
Kiln Section
Cement Mill Section
Land Requirement
Raw Materials
Power Consumption
Man Power Labour

HIGH ALUMINA CEMENT

Raw Materials
Formulation
Raw Materials Requirement
Manufacturing Process

AUTOMATIC BRICK PLANT

Process of Manufacture
Manufacturing Operations

MINI CEMENT PLANT

Oridinary Portland Cement
Portland Blast furnace slop cement

GLAZED CERAMIC TILES

Process of Manufacture

POLYMERIC ROOFING FELT

Manufacturing Process of Polymeric Roofing Felt
Coating
Mineral Surfacing
Texturing
Finish or Cooling Looper
Shingle Cutter
Roll Roofing Winder
Controls & Inspection
Ware Housing

BRICKS FROM FLY ASH

Process of Manufacture

F R P PRODUCTS

Manufacturing Process

CERAMIC GLAZED WALL AND FLOOR TILES (THIRD FIRING GLOSSY TECHNOLOGY)

Manufacturing Process of Ceramic Glazed wall tiles (By Triple firing Glossy Technology)
Manufacturing Process of Ceramic Glazed Floor Tiles

BUILDING HARDWARES OF ALUMINIUM

Manufacturing Process
Technical Aspects
Production Process
Aluminium Hinges
Tower Bolts
Handles

HOLLOW CONCRETE BLOCKS (BRICKS)

Manufacturing process

COMPUTERISED HOT MIX CONCRETE PLANT

Special Features of Computerised Hot Mix Plant

REFRACTORIES WITH CERAMICS (CERAMICS tILES (GLAZED), CROCKERY, HIGH ALUMINA CERAMICS, REFRACTORY, FIRE BRICKS) INTEGRATED COMPLEX

Manufacturing Process
Process of Manufacture
Process of Manufacture of Fire Bricks

SANITARY WARES AND WALL TILE/FLOOR TILE

Process of Manufacture of Sanitary Wares
Body preparation
Shaping
Glazing
Preparaton of Plaster Mould
Process of Manufacture of Tiles

PRE STRESSED CONCRETE RAILWAY SLEEPERS
Manufacturing Process

CEMENT TILES, RCC PIPE, SFRC PRECAST SLABS, MAN HOLE COVER, ENTERLOCKING TILES, CEMENT GRILLS ETC.

Raw Materials

RE ROLLING OF SARIYA (TOR)

Manufacturing Process (Saryiya)
Draught & Reduction
Elongation
Spread
Type finishing Pass
The leading oval pass

SUPPLIERS OF PLANT AND MACHINERY

SUPPLIERS OF RAW MATERIALS


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