Modern Technology of BIOGAS Production (hand book)

Modern Technology of BIOGAS Production (hand book)
Modern Technology of BIOGAS Production (hand book)
Author: Dr. Himadri Panda
ISBN: 9789380772271
Availability: In Stock
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MODERN TECHNOLOGY OF BIO GAS PRODUCTION

BIO GAS AS APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY

BENEFITS AND COSTS OF A BIO GAS PLANT

THE DIGESTION PROCESS


The fermentation slurry
Fermentation slurry as fertilizer
Bio Gas

BO GAS PLANTS

Feed methods
Plant types
Balloon Plants
Fixed Dome Plants
Floating Drum Plants

SCALING OF BIO GAS PLANTS

Definitions
Scaling of the Digester
Scaling of Gasholder
Digester/gasholder ratio
Examples for the Calculation
Measuring and lest programmes

DESIGN OF BIO GAS PLANTS

Shape and static loading
Bottom slab
Spherical shelf of masonry construction
Masonry and mortar
The parts of a biogas plant and their functions
Floating gas drum
Water lacket plant
fixed dome plants
Large scale plants
Bio Gas plants in cold regions


BIO GAS UTILIZATION

Bio Gas appliances
Lamp

PLANNING, DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION

Floating drum plant with filler funnel
Floating drum
Floating drum plant without water jacket
Floating drum plant with water jacket
Fixed dome plant without upper opening
Fixed dome plant with upper opening
Flating drum plant (quarrystone masonry)
Floating drum plant with extremely low VD/VG ratio
Channel type digester  with folia

TYPES OF BIO GAS DIGESTERS AND PLANTS

Bio Gas Plant Designs
Digester types in industrialized countries
Selection of appropriate design
Ballon Plants
Variations
Horizontal Plants
Earth pit plants
Ferrocement plants
Bio Gas -Digester types
Dry fermentation
Wet fermentation plants
Fixed dome plants
Function
Digester
Gas Holder
Types of fixed dome plants
Climate and size
Summary
Variations
Floating drum plants
The drum
Size
Water jacket floating drum plants
Material of digester and drum
Guide frame
Types of floating drum plants
Low Cost Polyethylen Tube Digester
Digester
Gasholder and Gas  storage Reservoir
Bio Gas Supply Line
Modification
Dry fermentation plants
Process

CONSTRUCTING A FLOATING DRUM BIO GAS DIGESTER OUTLET

CONSTRUCTING A FLOATING DRUM BIO GAS DIGESTER INLET

CONSTRUCTING A FLOATING DRUM BIO GAS DIGESTER

CONSTRUCTION OF A BIO GAS DIGESTER

Bio Gas Pipeline Connection fittings

BIO GAS PLANT  CONSTRUCTION MANUAL FIXED DOME DIGESTER


Bio Gas (Gobar) Plant
Introduction
Determining Plant Size
Selection of Construction Materials, Bio Gas Plant  Construction Manual Fixed dome Digester
Cement
Sand
Gravel
Water
Bricks
Cobble Stones
Bio Gas  Plant Construction Site Selection
Construction Site Selection
Site Layout
Excavation
Construction of Digester Main Chamber
Bio Gas Plant, Dome Construction
Bio Gas Plant Outlet  Chamber Construction
Construction of Inlet Tank
Bio Gas Plant Lay out of Pipeline
Construction of Gas Line Condensate Drain Valve Box
Compost pits
Bio Gas Appliances
Small scale Kitchen Waste Bio Gas Plant

FOOD, ANIMAL, VEGETABLE AND FOOD PREPARATION BY PRODUCT  TREATMENT

Anaerobic Treatment (Digestion) Stage
Liquid Solid Separation Stage
Ammonia Removal and Recovery Stage
Solids Processing Stage
By product Characteristics
Full Scale Operation
Liquid Solid Separation and Solids Handling
Ammonia Removal and Recovery Stage
Methane Recovery
Example (Pilot Test)
Anaerobic Treatment Unit
Pilot 1 (Mesophillic)
Pilot 2 (Thermophilic)
Ammonia Removal and Recovery Pilot  Testing


PROCESS FOR ANAEROBIC TREATMENT OF WASTE

Combined Anaerobic Process for Treating Organic Wastes

Explanation of the Marks on the Main  Parts of the Figures

PROCESS FOR  PRODUCING  ETHANOL AND FOR ENERGY RECOVERY

The Development and use of Biomass for Energy Production
Anaerobic Microbial Conversion
Anaerobic Digester System
3000 Head Dairy Example
Com Grower Ethanl Plant Dairy Farm System


METHANE GAS  PROCESS AND APPARATUS

POWER GENERATION FROM SOLAR AND WASTE HEAT


Biotower
Spiral Cavity

APPARATUS AND PROCESS FOR BIOLOGICAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT

SELF CONTAINED BIOFUEL PRODUCTION AND WATER PROCESSING APPARATUS


Operation in General
Production of Sour Methane
Purifying Sour Methane by Scrubbing
Production of Ethanol
Production of  Biodiesel
Review and Other Considerations
Conctusions Ramifications, and Scope

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING BIO GAS EMPLOYING TECHNOLOGY FOR IMPROVING QUALITY OF RAW MATERIAL

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCTION OF BIO  ETHANOL AND OTHER  FERMENTATION PRODUCTS



Examples
Illustrative Example 1
Conversion of sewage Sludge
Gas Analysis
Gas Analysis
Liquid Analysis
Liquid Analysis
Solid Analysis
Carbon Balance
Energy Balance
Illustrative Example 2
Conversion of Sewage Sludge
Gas Analysis
Liquid Analysis
Solid Analysis
Carbon Balance
Energy Balance
Illustrative Example 3
Conversion of Corn Silage
Gas Analysis
Liquid Analysis
Solid Analysis
Illustrative Example 4
Use of Microwave Heating in a Catalytic Liquid Conversion Process

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REMOVING CO2 IN MIXED GAS SUCH AS BIO GAS

METHOD FOR PRODUCING BIOFUEL USING ELECTRON BEAM

METHOD FOR THE SYNTHESIS OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FROM MANURE

NON-HAZARDOUS, NON-SEPTIC LIQUID WASTE DRYING PROCESS

WASTE TO ENERGY BY WAY OF HYDROTHERMAL DECOMPOSITION AND RESOURCE RECYCLING


Hydrothermal Decomposition Reaction
Solid-Liquid Separation
Drying
Combustion of Solid Fuel
Steam Generation
Gas Scrubbing
3-Stage Wet Scrubbing Process
2-Stage Web Scrubbing Process
Purification (Waste Water Treatment)
Electricity Generation

PLANT ECONOMICS OF BIO GAS PLANT

PLANT ECONOMICS OF BIO GAS FILLING IN CYLINDER

PLANT ECONOMICS OF ETHANOL (BIOFUEL) FROM MOLASSES

PLANT ECONOMICS OF METHANE GAS FROM SODIUM ACETATE AND SODA LIME

PLANT ECONOMICS OF SOLAR PV POWER PLANT

The book Modern Technology of Bio Gas Production covers Bio Gas as Appropriate Technology, Benefits and Costs of a Bio Gas Plant, The Digestion Process, Bio Gas plants, Scaling of Bio Gas Plants, Design of Bio Gas Plants, Bio Gas Utilization, Planning, Design and Construction, Types of Bio Gas Digesters and Plants,  Constructing a Floating Drum Bio Gas Digester Outlet, Constructing a Floating Drum Bio Gas Digester Inlet, Constructing a Floating Drum Bio Gas Digester, Construction of a Bio Gas Digester, Bio Gas Plant Construction Manual Fixedome Digester, Food, Animal, Vegetable and Food Preparation By Product Treatment, Process for Anaerobic Treatment of Waste, Combined Anaerobic Process for Treating Organic Wastes , Combined Anaerobic Process for Treating Organic Wastes,  Process for Producing Ethanol and for Energy Recovery, Methane Gas Process and Apparatus, Power Generation from Solar and Waste Heat, Apparatus and Process for Biological Wastewater Treatment, Self contained Biofuel production and water Processing Apparatus, Methd and Apparatus for Producing Bio-gas Employing Technology for Improving Quality of Raw Material, Method and Apparatus for Production of Bio-ethanol and Other Fermentation Products, Method and Apparatus for Removing CO2 in Mixed Gas such as Bio Gas, Method for Producing Biofuel using Electron Beam, Method for the Synthesis of Organic Compounds from Manure, Non-hazardous, Non-septic Liquid Waste Drying Process, Waste to Energy by way of Hydrothermal Decomposition and Resource Recycling, Plant Economics of Bio Gas Plant, Plant Economics of Bio Gas Filling in Cylinder, Plant Economics of Ethanol (Biofuel) from Molasses, Plant Economics of Methane Gas from Sodium Acetate and Soda Lime, Plant Economics of Solar PV Power Plant.

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