hand book of ceramics and ceramics processing technology

hand book of ceramics and ceramics processing technology
hand book of ceramics and ceramics processing technology
Author: Dr. Himadri Panda
ISBN: 9789380772226
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Ceramics (inorganic materials) have been important materials which human beings have used as well as metals and polymers. As the oldest artificial materials, ceramics have been made from clays by firing. Recent and modern ceramics, except for a few examples like glasses, have also been fabricated from powders by firing and/or sintering after shaping/moulding. Powder processings including nano-particles, therefore, have been developed in the present time. In addition, gaseous processings utilizing molecules, clusters, atoms, and/or ions in vacuum have been studied extensively to fabricate ceramics thin films. The performances of the products from gasses are much better than those from powders, but their environmental and economical costs are enormous because those gaseous species have much higher energies than the solids. We must consider environmental and economical costs due to the consumption and waste of those energies in gaseous processings.
In order to eliminate such environmental and economical costs, we must look for alternative routes to fabricate high performance ceramic materials. On the other hands, some ceramics (biominerals) have been fabricated biologically in nature under mild conditions in aqueous solution systems without any strong activation like firing, vaporization, ionization, etc. Those biological fabrication should be most environmentally friendly, however, the products are strictly limited in biominerals like CaCO3, Caphosphate, Fe3O4(FeOOH), SiO2, Sulphates, Oxalates. (Practically no metals and alloys can be made in biological systems, nor most widely used polymers like polyethylene, polypropylene, nylon, PET, polyvinyl chlorides, etc., can be made in biological systems).
There exist severe limitations in bio-produced materials Considering such thermodynamical, kinetical, historical, and environmental conditions, we are proposing “Soft Processing for Advanced Inorganic Materials,” which has been learned from nature but not limited by nature. Therefore “Soft Processing” should be the third one which locates between “Bio-processing” and “Artificial High Energetic Processing.” Several ceramics examples by Soft Processing will be presented. In addition, my explanation will include what are main differences in ceramics, metals, and polymers? Why ceramics have not been made by melt/casting which is most fast production thus commonly used in plastics, polymers even in metals and alloys. How must we consider about sustainable materials development in future?, etc.

Contents-cum-Index

Introduction

  • Types of ceramic products
  • Examples of whiteware ceramics
  • Classification of technical ceramics
  • Other applications of ceramics
  • Types of ceramic materials
  • Crystalline ceramics
  • Noncrystalline ceramics

Ceramics vs. Fine Ceramics

  • Classification of Ceramics
  • Pottery and Ceramics
  • Ceramics
  • Glass
  • Cement
  • Refractories
  • Grinding Wheels
  • Porcelain enamels
  • Pottery and Ceramics
  • Earthernware
  • Pottery
  • Stoneware
  • Porcelain
  • Fine Ceramics

Fine Ceramics Production Process

  • Types of Fine Ceramics
  • Barium Titanate (BaTiO3)
  • Lead Zirconate Titanate
  • [Pb(Zr,Ti)O3]
  • Ferrite (M2+O.Fe2O3)
  • Alumina (Al2O3)
  • Forsterite (2MgO.SiO2)
  • Zirconia (ZrO2)
  • Zircon (ZeO2.SiO2)
  • Mullite (3Al2O3.2iO2)
  • Steatite (MgO.SiO2)
  • Cordierite
  • (2MgO.2Al2O3.5SiO2)
  • Aluminium Nitride (AIN)
  • Silicon Nitride (Si3N4) .
  • Silicon Carbide (SiC)
  • Fine Ceramic Materials Play an Important Role in Submarine Earthquake Observation
  • Self-Surfacing Ocean Bottom Seismograph
  • Comparison of Strength and Specific Density Between Fine Ceramics and Metals

Ceramic Matrix Composites

  • Fabrication of Ceramic
  • Matrix Composites
  • by Chemical Vapour
  • Infiltration (CVI) .
  • Chemical Vapour
  • Infiltration (CVI)
  • Types of Chemical
  • Vapour Infiltration process
  • Chemical Vapour
  • Infiltration (CVI) process
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Chemical Vapour
  • Infiltration (CVI) process
  • Fabrication of Ceramic Matrix
  • Composites by Liquid phase Infiltration
  • Slurry Infiltration
  • Process (SIP)
  • Reactive Melt Infiltration
  • Process (RMI)
  • Polymer Infiltration and Pyrolysis (PIP)
  • Fabrication of Ceramic
  • Matrix Composites by Sol-gel process
  • Sol-gel Infiltration - description
  • Sol-gel Infiltration process
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Sol-gel Infiltration
  • Advantages of Sol-Gel Infiltration
  • Disadvantages of Sol-Gel Infiltration
  • Self-lubricating ceramic composites
  • Solid lubricants, which are used or may be potentially used in selflubricating ceramic composites
  • Graphite
  • Alumina-graphite
  • composite
  • Silicon nitride-graphite composite
  • Alumina-carbon nanotube composite
  • Alumina-CaF2 composite
  • Nano-structured alumina-
  • FeS composite
  • Carbon-Carbon
  • Composites
  • Structure of Carbon-
  • Carbon Composites
  • Fabrication of Carbon-
  • Carbon Composites by Liquid Phase
  • Infiltration process
  • Fabrication of Carbon-
  • Carbon Composites by Chemical Vapour
  • Deposition process
  • Properties of Carbon-
  • Carbon Composites
  • Oxidation protection of
  • Carbon-Carbon
  • Composites
  • Applications of Carbon-
  • Carbon Composites
  • Structure of composites
  • Interfacial bonding
  • Shape and orientation of dispersed phase
  • Particulate Composites
  • Fibrous Composites
  • Laminate Composites
  • Estimations of composite materials properties
  • Rule of Mixtures
  • Density
  • Coefficient of Thermal
  • Expansion
  • Modulus of Elasticity
  • Long align fibers
  • Short fibers
  • Shear modulus
  • Poisson’s ratio
  • Tensile Strength
  • Metal Matrix Composites
  • Titanium Matrix Composite
  • Copper Matrix Composites
  • Liquid state fabrication of Metal Matrix
  • Composites
  • Stir Casting
  • Infiltration
  • Solvent debinding
  • Gas Pressure Infiltration
  • Squeeze Casting
  • Infiltration
  • Pressure Die Infiltration
  • Solid state fabrication of Metal Matrix
  • Composites
  • Diffusion Bonding
  • Diffusion
  • Pressure
  • Sintering
  • Hot Pressing Fabrication of Metal Matrix
  • Composites
  • Hot Isostatic Pressing
  • Fabrication of Metal
  • Matrix Composites
  • Hot Powder Extrusion Fabrication of Metal Matrix Composites
  • In-situ fabrication of Metal Matrix Composites
  • Advantages of in situ Metal
  • Matrix Composites:
  • Fabrication of Metal Matrix Composites by codeposition
  • Electrolytic co-deposition
  • Spray co-deposition
  • Vapour co-deposition
  • Carbon Fiber Reinforced
  • Polymer Composites
  • PAN-based carbon fibers (the most popular type of carbon fibers)
  • Pitch-based carbon fibers

Ceramics

  • Suitable esters are polymers comprising


Ceramic Process

  • Preparation of a cermet by electrochemical means
  • Example 1: Replication of the shape of a flower
  • Example 2: Replication of the shape of a carnation
  • Example 3: Replication of the shape of a flower
  • Example 4: Replication of the shape of a burdock bush
  • Example 5: Replication of the shape of a flower
  • Example 6: Heat Treated Cermet Electroplate


Process for Preparing Ceramic Moulding

  • Example 1 to 3 and Comparative Examples 1 to 3
  • Example 4
  • Example 5
  • Example 6
  • Example 7
  • Example 8
  • Example 9
     

Ceramic-Ceramic Composite Filter

Ceramic-Ceramic Nanocomposite Electrolyte

  • Conductivity
  • Conductivity

Process for Ceramic Composites

Ceramic Heater

Ceramic Foam

Dried Emulsion Ceramic Process

  • Synthesis of Cadmium Zinc Borate Concentrate (Acetate Salts)
  • Aqueous Phase Preparation
  • Oil Phase Add 2.0 Kg of Surfactant, OLOA- 1200, to a sufficient volume
  • Emulsification
  • Distillation
  • Synthesis of Cadmium Zinc Borate Concentrate (Nitrate Salts)
  • Aqueous Phase
  • Preparation
  • Oil Phase
  • Emulsification
  • Distillation
  • Synthesis of Cadmium Zinc Borate Concentrate (Xylene Oil Phase)
  • Aqueous Phase Preparation
  • Oil Phase
  • Emulsification
  • Distillation

Piezoelectric Ceramics

  • Preparation of Piezoelectric Ceramic Powder
  • Preparation of Spinel Ceramic Powder
  • Creation of Piezoelectric Ceramic Containing Spinel Ceramic
  • Measurement of Characteristics

Ceramic Processing and Shaped Ceramic Bodies

Ceramic Lever

Ceramic Log Moulding Process


Ceramic Capacitor

  • Manganese Oxide Layer
  • Iron Oxide Layer
  • Cobalt Oxide Layer
  • Nickel Oxide Layer
  • Zinc Oxide Layer
  • Indium Oxide Layer
  • Indium Tin Oxide Layer
  • Tin Oxide Layer

Brazing Ceramics

Hydroxylapatite Ceramic

Ceramic Igniters

  • Igniter Fabrication .
  • Additional Igniter Fabrication
  • Additional Igniter
  • Fabrication

Glass-ceramicbonded Ceramic Composites

Semiconductive Ceramic


Ceramic Bearing

  • The First Method
  • The Second Method
  • Other Methods

Ceramic Powders

Ceramic Armour

Ceramic Decal

Ceramic Cooktop

Ceramic Elements

  • Step 11 (S 11 ): Preparation of Slurry for Forming Ceramic Layer
  • Step 12 (S 12 ): Formation of Green Sheet
  • Step 13 (S 13 ): Formation of Internal Electrode Paste Layer
  • Step 14 (S 14 ): Formation of Laminate
  • Step 15 (S 15 ): Cutting
  • Step 16 (S 16 ): Baking
  • Step 17 (S 17 ): Formation of Protective Layer
  • Step 18 (S 18 ): Formation of Base Electrode
  • Step 19 (S 19 ): Plating
  • Comparative Method 1
  • Investigation of Protective Layer
  • Changes in Insulation Resistance

Ceramic Welding Process

Ceramic Catalysts


Ceramic Powder Transfer Process

Ceramic Susceptor

Ceramic Instrument

Ceramic Board

  • Explanation of symbols
  • Step of forming the ceramic substrate
  • Step of printing a conductor containing paste on the ceramic substrate
  • Firing of the conductor containing paste
  • Step of forming a metal covering layer
  • Fitting of terminal pins and so on
  • Step of forming the ceramic substrate
  • Step of printing a conductor containing paste on the green sheet
  • Step of laminating the green sheets
  • Step of firing the green sheet lamination
  • Production of a Ceramic Heater
  • Production of a Ceramic Heater
  • Production of a Ceramic Heater
  • Comparative Example 1
  • Comparative Example 2
  • Industrially Applicability


Ceramic Waferboard

Ceramic Insulation

Ceramic Decalcomania


Whitlockite Ceramic

Ceramic Microtruss

  • Chemical Vapour Deposition
  • Ceramic Through Reaction with the Scaffold
  • Preceramic Polymers


Ceramic Pigments

The book  Hand Book of Ceramics & Ceramics Processing Technology covers  Introduction,Ceramics vs. Fine Ceramics, Fine Ceramics Production Process, Ceramic Matrix Composites, Ceramics, Ceramic Process,  Process for Preparing Ceramic Moulding, Ceramic Ceramic Composite Filter,Ceramic Ceramic Nanocomposite Electrolyte, Process for Ceramic Composites, Ceramic Heater, Ceramic Foam,Dried Emulsion Ceramic Process,  Piezoelectric Ceramics, Ceramic Processing and Shaped Ceramic Bodies, Ceramic Lever, Ceramic Log Moulding Process, Ceramic Capacitor, Brazing Ceramics, Hydroxylapatite ceramic, Ceramic Igniters, Glass ceramicbonded Ceramic Composites, Semiconductive Ceramic, Ceramic Bearing, Ceramic Powders, Ceramic Armour, Ceramic Decal, Ceramic Cooktop, Ceramic Elements, Ceramic Welding Process, Ceramic Catalysts, Ceramic Powder Transfer Process, Ceramic Susceptor, Ceramic Instrument, Ceramic Board,  Ceramic Waferboard, Ceramic Insulation, Ceramic Decalcomania, Whitlockite Ceramic , Ceramic Microtruss, Ceramic Pigments.

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