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    Processing of Makhana and Value Addition

    Processing of Makhana and Value Addition
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    Processing of Makhana and Value Addition
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      PROCESSING OF MAKHANA AND VALUE ADDITION

      [EIRI/EDPR/3963] J.C.: 2087XL 


      INTRODUCTION

      Euryale which is also known as Makhana, Phool Makhana, Foxnut, lotus seeds, Gorgon nut, Euryale Ferox commonly found in Bihar and in Loktak Lake Manipur. The Makhana plant is cultivated for its seeds in lowland ponds in India, China, and Japan. As per the National Research Centre for Makhana, Darbhanga (ICAR), total area under makhana cultivation in India is estimated to be 15000 Ha. It yields 1,20,000 MT of makhana seeds, which after processing yields 40,000 MT of makhana pop. In India around 63% of the total Makhana production comes from Bihar. Makhana is highly nutritious, fully organic non-cereal food superior to dry fruits such as almonds, walnut, coconut and cashewnut in term of sugar, protein, ascorbic acid and phenol content.100 gm Makhana contains 350 kcal, 9.7gm easily digestible protein, 77gm carbohydrate, 12.8gm moisture, 0.1gm fat, 90mg phosphorus & 1.4mg iron. Makhana seeds are often roasted or fried then eaten with a sprinkling of oil and spices. The present project profile envisages manufacturing of ready to eat Makhana snacks in different flavours.

      Makhana is a popped kernel of seeds of an aquatic plant called gorgon nut (Euryale ferox Salisb) and is marketed throughout the world as dry fruit. It is a nutritious fruit containing protein, vitamins and minerals in abundance and is used for various purposes. Makhana kheer is one of many delicious and nutritious food items, prepared occasionally in a region of India. Makhana kheer has great potential for popularization and commercialization, but due to non-availability of standard and quick method, it is not so popular. A process for manufacture of well standardized ready to constitute makhana kheer mix (RCMK) with prolonged shelf life under suitable storage conditions is developed which can be used to prepare makhana kheer almost instantly anywhere in any conditions just by mixing one part of RCMK with desired parts of warm/hot/cold water. The RCMK manufactured under this invention ensures consistency of the makhana kheer and allow its wide commercialization due to its long shelf life. Constituents of the mix include ground popped makhana (Euryale ferox), whole milk powder or dairy whitener, sugar, optional ingredients to enhance taste, flavour, colour and a binder to make a homogeneous mass during thorough blending or mixing.

      Packaged Processed Makhana has got tremendous demandin India and Abroad. These are food products having no historical background & becomes in market and in social & cultural synonym as the society became more advanced.

      The main raw materials for these products are Raw Makhana, Refined Oil, Salt, Flavours and assorted Spices. The raw materials are frequency available in India in Darbhanga in Bihar and in surrounding area.

      This food product gets abroad market in foreign countries in Central and South America, Europeon Countries and African Countries. Hence, there are a lot of scope and market of these products & therefore, it will provide a very much profitable business.

      Bihar accounts for over 85 per cent of the Makhana production of the country which resulted into thrust area for taking up the task and identifying the constraints in the export of Makhana from the state. As per a rough estimate 50,000 tonnes of Makhana worth Rs 550 crores in market are produced annually. However, there is need of undertaking an extensive survey of its actual coverage, production and productivity in North Bihar, Lower Assam and other places in India as well as abroad including Japan, China, North America, Korea etc.


      COST ESTIMATION

      Plant Capacity            57 Kg./Day

      Land & Building    Rented

      Plant & Machinery                    Rs. 12.00 Lac

      Working Capital for 1 Month    Rs. 11.18 Lac

      Total Capital Investment          Rs. 25.19 Lac

      Rate of Return                          34%

      Break Even Point                      76%


      CONTENTS

      INTRODUCTION

      NUTRITION IN MAKHANA

      PROPERTIES & USES

      HEALTH BENEFITS OF MAKHANA

      MARKET POSITION OF READY TO EAT SNACKS FOOD

      GLOBAL MARKET OVERVIEW OF AND PROSPECT OF MAKHANA

      GLOBAL TRENDS & SCENARIO OF FOXNUTS

      INDIA

      CHINA

      UNITED KINGDOM

      COLOMBIA

      DRIVING FACTORS FOR MAKHANA/ FOX NUT

      INSIGHT INTO THE DEMAND FOR HEALTHY SNACKS

      MARKET OVERVIEW OF MAKHANA IN INDIA

      TOTAL VALUE & VOLUME OF EXPORTS IN INDIA

      AVERAGE PRICE

      TOP SUPPLIERS

      TOP PORTS OF DISCHARGE

      RETORT POUCHES

      READY TO EAT MARKET

      CONCEPT OF RTE

      RETORT & ITS PACKAGING

      RETORT PACKAGING PROCESS FLOWCHART

      PLAYERS IN READY TO EAT FOOD MARKET

      ITS NAME IS THE RETORT POUCH

      HISTORICAL OVERVIEW

      PROS

      THE UK

      RETORT POUCH A HIGH-TECH GLOBAL COLLABORATION

      THE PRODUCER

      PROSPECTS

      MAKHANA CULTIVATION

      MORPHOLOGY OF MAKHANA

      MAKHANA CULTIVATION PRACTICES

      PESTS AND CONTROL MEASURES

      POST-HARVEST OPERATIONS

      DIETARY CHARACTERISTICS OF MAKHANA

      MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF MAKHANA

      MANUFACTURING PROCESS OF ROASTED MAKHANA, FLAVOURED MAKHANA AND MAKHANA CHIPS

      PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM

      FORMULATION OF MAKHANA KHEER

      MANUFACTURING PROCESS OF MAKHANA KHEER

      PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM OF MAKHANA KHEER

      MANUFACTURING PROCESS IN DETAILS

      GAS FLUSHING ARRANGEMENTS:-

      FLOW CHART OF MAKHANA PROCESSING

      STORAGE AND GRADING OF MAKHANA

      GRADING OF MAKHANA

      PACKAGING

      TECHNICAL ADVANCES IN MAKHANA

      PRINCIPLES OF PLANT LAYOUT

      PLANT LOCATION FACTORS

      EXPLANATION OF TERMS USED IN THE PROJECT REPORT

      PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULES

      COMPLETE PLANT AND MACHINERY SUPPLIERS


      APPENDIX – A:

      01. PLANT ECONOMICS

      02. LAND & BUILDING

      03. PLANT AND MACHINERY

      04. OTHER FIXED ASSESTS

      05. FIXED CAPITAL

      06. RAW MATERIAL

      07. SALARY AND WAGES

      08. UTILITIES AND OVERHEADS

      09. TOTAL WORKING CAPITAL

      10. TOTAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT

      11. COST OF PRODUCTION

      12. TURN OVER/ANNUM

      13. BREAK EVEN POINT

      14. RESOURCES FOR FINANCE

      15. INSTALMENT PAYABLE IN 5 YEARS

      16. DEPRECIATION CHART FOR 5 YEARS

      17. PROFIT ANALYSIS FOR 5 YEARS

      18. PROJECTED BALANCE SHEET FOR (5 YEARS)

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