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    Detailed Project Report on electric two wheeler

    Detailed Project Report on electric two wheeler
    Detailed Project Report on electric two wheeler
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      ELECTRIC TWO WHEELER ( CODE NO.3732)

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      Electric two-wheelers, as indicates itself, is electricity-powered two-wheelers. A battery pack and a motor are installed to store and transform the electricity. A user control is usually attached to the handle bar to brake and adjust the speed.

      “Battery operated Vehicle (Two Wheeler)” means a vehicle adapted for use upon roads and powered exclusively by an electric motor whose traction energy is supplied exclusively by traction battery installed in the vehicle.

      "Provided that a two wheeled battery operated vehicle shall not be deemed to be a motor vehicle if all the following conditions are verified and authorized by any testing agency specified in rule 126 namely:-

      a)    Vehicle is equipped with an electric motor having thirty minute power less than 0.25 kW;

      b)    Maximum speed of the vehicle is less than 25 krn/hr;

      c)    Vehicle is fitted with suitable brakes and retro-reflective devices, i.e. one white reflector in the front and one red reflector at the rear;

      d)    Unladen weight (excluding battery weight) of the vehicle is not more than 60 kg;

      e)    In case of pedal assisted vehicle equipped with an auxiliary electric motor, in addition to above, the thirty minute power of the motor is less than 0.25 kW, whose output is progressively reduced and finally cut off as the vehicle reaches a speed of 25 km/hr, or sooner, if the cyclist stops pedaling".

      COST ESTIMATION

      Plant Capacity                         200 Nos/Day  
      Land & Building                        Rented
      Plant & Machinery                      Rs. 2.30 Cr
      Working Capital for 2 Months           Rs. 38.99 Cr
      Total Capital Investment               Rs. 12.41 Cr
      Rate of Return                         23%
      Break Even Point                       35%




      INTRODUCTION    
      ADVANTAGES-    
      DISADVANTAGES-    
      TYPES OF ELECTRIC TWO WHEELER    
      1. E-BIKES    
      THERE ARE MANY TYPES OF ELECTRIC BICYCLES, SOME ARE MENTIONED BELOW    
      CLASS 1: PEDAL ASSIST / PEDELEC    
      CLASS 2: THROTTLE    
      CLASS 3: SPEED PEDELEC    
      ELECTRIC BICYCLES CLASSIFICATION    
      PEDAL-ASSIST    
      POWER-ON-DEMAND    
      THEREFORE, VERY BROADLY, E-BIKES CAN BE CLASSED AS:    
      ADVANTAGES OF ELECTRIC BICYCLES    
      KEY PARTS OF AN ELECTRIC BIKE    
      (1) ELECTRIC MOTOR    
      TYPES OF MOTOR AND DIFFERENT MOUNTING POSITIONS    
      1. INDUCTION MOTOR:    
      2. DC MOTOR    
      PERMANENT MAGNET BRUSHLESS DC MOTOR:    
      PERMANENT MAGNET BRUSHED DC MOTOR:    
      MOUNTING OF MOTORS    
      1. MID-DRIVE MOTOR:    
      FIG 1.1: MID DRIVE MOTOR    
      2. HUB MOTOR:    
      I. FRONT HUB MOTOR:    
      FIG 1.2: FRONT WHEEL HUB MOTOR    
      II. REAR HUB MOTOR:    
      FIG 1.3: REAR WHEEL HUB MOTOR    
      (2) CONTROLLER OF BLDC MOTOR AND SENSORS    
      CONTROLLER    
      FIG 2.3: CONTROLLER    
      SPEED THROTTLE    
      FIG 2.4: SPEED THROTTLE    
      (3) ELECTRIC BRAKE    
      FIG 3.1: ELECTRIC BRAKE    
      (4) BATTERY LEVEL INDICATOR    
      FIG 4.1: BATTERY LEVEL INDICATOR    
      BATTERY CAPACITY INDICATOR    
      (5) FRAME    
      FIG 5:1: FRAME DESIGN PARAMETERS    
      (6) BATTERY    
      BATTERY CELLS FOR E-BICYCLE BATTERY    
      1. CYLINDRICAL CELL    
      FIG 6.1: CYLINDRICAL CELL INTERNAL STRUCTURE    
      2. PRISMATIC CELL    
      FIG 6.2: PRISMATIC CELL INTERNAL STRUCTURE    
      5.3 MAKING OF BATTERY PACK    
      FIG 6.3: LI-ION SINGLE BATTERY    
      FIG 6.4: SOLDERED BATTERY PACK    
      FIG 6.5: 36 V, 13.2 AH BATTERY PACK    
      FIG 6.6: BATTERY DESIGN IN FUSION360 OF 36V AND 13.2AH    
      SAFETY CIRCUITS OF BATTERY    
      SAFETY CIRCUITS ARE NEED BECAUSE OF FOLLOWING REASONS.    
      FIG 6.7: BLOCK DIAGRAM OF WORKING OF SAFETY CIRCUIT    
      SPECIFICATIONS OF BMS (BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM):    
      FIG 6.8: BMS (BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM)    
      2. E-SCOOTER    
      ADVANTAGES OF AN ELECTRIC SCOOTER    
      DISADVANTAGES    
      PARTS OF ELECTRIC TWO WHEELER    
      BATTERIES    
      WE CAN CLASSIFY SCOOTERS ON:    
      BATTERY TYPES    
      RANGE AND CHARGE TIME    
      BRAKES    
      FRAMES AND FORKS    
      BELT AND CHAIN DRIVE’S    
      TYRES    
      WHEEL TYPES AND SIZES    
      SUSPENSION    
      SPEED AND WEIGHT    
      USES AND APPLICATION    
      B.I.S. SPECIFICATION    
      PROCESS FLOW CHART    
      PRODUCTION PROCESS    
      ASSEMBLING PROCESS    
      (1) FRONT WHEEL INSTALLATION:    
      (2) HANDLEBARS INSTALLATION:    
      (3) MIRRORS INSTALLATION:    
      (4) PEDALS INSTALLATION:    
      (5) REAR STORAGE TRUNK INSTALLATION:    
      (6) THROTTLE & ACCESSORY CONTROL GRIP INSTALLATION:    
      (7) SEAT INSTALLATION:    
      (8) INSTALLATION OF REAR BRAKE:    
      (9) TIRE INSTALLATION:    
      WHEEL ADJUSTMENTS/MAINTANENCE:    
      (10) DRIVE CHAIN INSTALLATION:    
      CHECKING CHAIN TENSION:
      TIGHTEN DRIVE CHAIN:    
      LOOSEN DRIVE CHAIN:    
      (11) BATTERY INSTALLATION    
      (12) INSTALLATION OF ADOPTER    
      (13) TESTING OF ELECTRIC TWO WHEELER    
      (PRODUCT TESTING) E-BIKE TEST PROCEDURE.    
      MARKET OVERVIEW FOR ELECTRIC SCOOTERS AND MOTORCYCLES    
      DRIVERS    
      CHALLENGES    
      INDIA ELECTRIC SCOOTERS AND MOTORCYCLES MARKET - COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE    
      INDIA ELECTRIC SCOOTERS AND MOTORCYCLES MARKET    
      TWO WHEELERS TO LEAD ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET IN INDIA    
      ASIA-PACIFIC ELECTRIC SCOOTERS AND MOTORCYCLES MARKET
      OVERVIEW    
      DRIVERS    
      CHALLENGES    
      ASIA-PACIFIC ELECTRIC SCOOTERS AND MOTORCYCLES MARKET - COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE    
      ASIA-PACIFIC ELECTRIC SCOOTERS AND MOTORCYCLES MARKET SEGMENTATION    
      BY VEHICLE TYPE    
      BY BATTERY TYPE    
      BY TECHNOLOGY    
      BY VOLTAGE    
      BY GEOGRAPHY    
      2 & 3 WHEELER ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET IN INDIA & FUTURE
      OUTLOOK 2022    
      WHY ENINCON‘S REPORT UPON ― 2 & 3 WHEELER ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET IN INDIA & FUTURE OUTLOOK 2022    
      BY 2022, SALES OF ELECTRIC 2W & 3W ARE EXPECTED TO REACH 1.6 MILLION IN INDIA    
      2 WHEELER & 3 WHEELER SEGMENT TO DRIVE THE EV SEGMENT
      IN FUTURE AS 95% OF THE TOTAL SALES COME FROM THESE SEGMENTS    
      BUSINESS CASE FOR 2 & 3 WHEELER ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET
      IN INDIA    
      REPORT INSIGHTS    
      KEY HIGHLIGHTS    
      PRESS EXCERPTS    
      MUST BUY FOR    
      HYBRID AND ELECTRIC VEHICLES IN INDIA CURRENT SCENARIO
      AND MARKET INCENTIVES    
      STUDY OBJECTIVES    
      MARKET INCENTIVES IN PLACE    
      APPROACH & KEY ASSUMPTIONS    
      UTILIZATION OF DEMAND INCENTIVES UNDER FAME SCHEME
      FOR FY 2015-16    
      TWO-WHEELERS    
      INCENTIVE ANALYSIS    
      CENTRAL EXCISE DUTY    
      CENTRAL INFRASTRUCTURE CESS    
      ADDITIONAL STATE SUBSIDIES    
      TCO – TWO-WHEELERS    
      LOW-SPEED ELECTRIC SCOOTERS    
      HIGH-SPEED ELECTRIC SCOOTERS    
      TWO-WHEELERS    
      OPPORTUNITIES AND THREATS FOR THE ELECTRIC TWO-WHEELERS IN CHINA    
      FIGURE 1 - THE E2W PRODUCTION NUMBER IN CHINA    
      METHODOLOGY    
      SWOT-FFA ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK    
      TIS ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK    
      FIGURE 2 - THE ANALYSIS SCHEME FOR TIS (BERGEK ET AL., 2008)    
      THE DRIVING FORCES FOR THE CHANGE TOWARDS E2WS: SWOT-FFA    
      FIGURE 3 - RESULT OF SWOT ANALYSIS OF THE E2W DEVELOPMENT    
      RELATIVELY LOW COST AND COMPARABLE PERFORMANCE    
      EASY ADOPTION AND UTILIZATION    
      POLICY AND STANDARDS (MOTORCYCLE BAN, AIR POLLUTION AND EMISSION CONCERNS)    
      EXTERNAL FACTORS    
      THE RESISTING FORCES (SYSTEM WEAKNESS) OF THE E2W DEVELOPMENT: TIS ANALYSIS    
      ACTORS, NETWORK, INSTITUTIONS    
      SYSTEM WEAKNESS: REMARKS OF THE EVALUATION OF THE SEVEN FUNCTIONS    
      FIGURE 4 - THE INDUCEMENT AND BLOCKING MECHANISMS OF E2WS CONCLUDED FROM THE TIS    
      FUTURE TRANSPORT SOLUTIONS    
      OVERVIEW OF THE E-BIKES & ELECTRIC TWO-WHEELERS    
      ENERGY USE AND EMISSIONS OF ELECTRIC BIKE LIFE CYCLE    
      ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ALTERNATIVE MODES    
      INFLUENCE OF ELECTRIC BIKES ON MOTORIZATION TRENDS    
      ELECTRIC TWO-WHEELER BATTERY TECHNOLOGY STATUS    
      ENERGY USE AND EMISSIONS OF ELECTRIC BIKE LIFE CYCLE    
      PRODUCTION PROCESSES    
      TABLE 1.1: MATERIAL INVENTORY, EMISSIONS, AND ENERGY USE OF ELECTRIC BIKE    
      END-OF-LIFE    
      LEAD ACID BATTERIES    
      FIGURE 1.1: LEAD LOSS FLOWS FROM LEAD ACID BATTERY PRODUCTION    
      TABLE 1.2: LEAD LOSSES TO THE ENVIRONMENT    
      USE PHASE    
      FIGURE 1.2: EMISSION RATES FROM PRC POWER PLANTS    
      TABLE 1.3: REGIONAL EMISSION RATES OF TYPICAL SCOOTER STYLE ELECTRIC BIKES (UNITS AT G/100 KM EXCEPT CO2)    
      TOTAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ELECTRIC BIKE LIFE CYCLE    
      FIGURE 1.3: POLLUTION OF BICYCLE STYLE E-BIKE OVER LIFE CYCLE    
      FIGURE 1.4: POLLUTION OF SCOOTER STYLE E-BIKE OVER LIFE CYCLE    
      MOTORCYCLE AND ELECTRIC BIKE OWNERSHIP GROWTH SCENARIOS THROUGH TO 2025    
      METHODOLOGY    
      FIGURE 3.5: REGIONAL RURAL MOTORCYCLE AND ELECTRIC BIKE OWNERSHIP VERSUS INCOME, 2005    
      FIGURE 3.6: 2005 MOTORCYCLE AND ELECTRIC TWO-WHEELERS
      BY REGION    
      FIGURE 3.7: PROJECTIONS OF POPULATION SHARE IN DIFFERENT
      INCOME BRACKETS VERSUS TIME    
      TABLE 3.2: POLICY FACTORS OVER TIME IN THREE SCENARIOS    
      FIGURE 3.8: PROJECTED POPULATION GROWTH BY REGION FOR
      URBAN AND RURAL PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA    
      FIGURE 3.9: ELECTRIC TWO-WHEELER AND MOTORCYCLE STOCK
      OVER TIME IN THREE SCENARIOS    
      FACTORS INFLUENCING FUTURE GROWTH IN ELECTRIC
      TWO-WHEELER MARKET    
      METHODOLOGY    
      FIGURE 3.10: ELECTRIC TWO-WHEELER AND MOTORCYCLE
      GROWTH IN “BUSINESS AS USUAL”    
      DRIVING FORCES    
      FORCE 1: TECHNOLOGY IMPROVEMENTS    
      FIGURE 3.11: INDUSTRY STRUCTURE COMPARISON,
      CLOSED-INTEGRAL VERSUS OPEN-MODULAR    
      FIGURE 3.12: ELECTRIC TWO-WHEELER DESIGN FLEXIBILITY    
      FORCE 2: LOCAL MOTORCYCLE BANS    
      FORCE 3: LOCAL POLICY SUPPORT FOR ELECTRIC BIKES    
      TABLE 3.4: MOTORCYCLE AND ELECTRIC-BIKE BANS IN LARGE CITIES    
      FIGURE: FORCES DRIVING ELECTRIC BIKE MARKET GROWTH    
      FIGURE: FORCES RESISTING ELECTRIC BIKE MARKET GROWTH    
      TABLE: RANKINGS OF FORCES DRIVING AND RESISTING ELECTRIC
      BIKE GROWTH    
      PERFORMANCE TEST OF ELECTRIC BIKES    
      TABLE 4.6: ELECTRIC BIKE AND BATTERY SPECIFICATIONS    
      PLANT LAYOUT    
      MANUFACTURERS/SUPPLIERS OF ELECTRIC TWO WHEELERS    
      SUPPLIERS OF RAW MATERIALS    
      SUPPLIERS OF BLDC MOTOR    
      SUPPLIERS OF MOTOR CONTROLLER    
      SUPPLIERS OF LITHIUM- ION BATTERY    
      SUPPLIERS OF TYRE    
      SUPPLIERS OF WHEEL    
      SUPPLIERS OF SPARES    
      SUPPLIERS OF PLANT AND MACHINERY    
      SUPPLIERS OF AIR POLLUTION CONTROL EQUIPMENTS    
      SUPPLIERS OF AIR CONDITIONING EQUIPMENTS    
      SUPPLIERS OF AIR COMPRESSORS    
      SUPPLIERS OF MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENTS    
      SUPPLIERS OF FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENTS    
      SUPPLIERS OF JIGS AND FIXTURE    

      APPENDIX –

      01.    PLANT ECONOMICS    
      02.    LAND & BUILDING     
      03.    PLANT AND MACHINERY    
      04.    OTHER FIXED ASSESTS    
      05.    FIXED CAPITAL    
      06.    RAW MATERIAL    
      07.    SALARY AND WAGES    
      08.    UTILITIES AND OVERHEADS    
      09.    TOTAL WORKING CAPITAL    
      10.    TOTAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT    
      11.    COST OF PRODUCTION    
      12.    TURN OVER/ANNUM    
      13.    BREAK EVEN POINT     
      14.    RESOURCES FOR FINANCE    
      15.    INSTALMENT PAYABLE IN 5 YEARS    
      16.    DEPRECIATION CHART FOR 5 YEARS    
      17.    PROFIT ANALYSIS FOR 5 YEARS    
      18.    PROJECTED BALANCE SHEET FOR (5 YEARS)    
       

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