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    Complete Technology Handbook on Pipes and Tubes with Applications, Mechanics, Manufacturing and Processing with Project Profiles

    Complete Technology Handbook on Pipes and Tubes with Applications, Mechanics, Manufacturing and Processing with Project Profiles
    Complete Technology Handbook on Pipes and Tubes with Applications, Mechanics, Manufacturing and Processing with Project Profiles
    US $ 286.00
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      Complete Technology Handbook on Pipes and Tubes with Applications, Mechanics, Manufacturing and Processing with Project Profiles


      ISBN: 9788189765798

      Price: 2200

      Book contains chapter on The Basics of Piping System, Manufacturing of Square and Circular Pipes, SS Pipes (202/304), UPVC/CPVC and HDPE Pipe Manufacturing Unit, PVC Pipes and Fittings, PVC Conduit Pipe Manufacturing Plant, Steel Pipe Plant, Spiral Welded Pipe (HSAW Pipe), O-PVC Pipe Plant, Double Wall Corrugated (DWC) HDPE Pipes, MS Pipe and Tube, Brass Pipe Fitting, Inner Grooved Copper Tube, SS Tube Mill, LPG Suraksha Hose (Rubber Tubes - Domestic & Commer, RCC Hume Pipes, HDPE and PLB Pipe Manufacturing Unit, Asbestos Cement Pressure Pipe and Fitting, Contents, Cement Concrete Pipe, ERW Pipes, Pressure Concrete Pipes (Moulding Process), R.C.C. Spun Pipe, Salt Glazed Stoneware Pipes and Fittings, Ceramic Cores and Tubes, Glass Tubes (Glass Shells), Sewerage Pipe (Ceramic), Aluminium Collapsible Tub, C.I. Pipes, Fittings and Manholes, Conduit Pipes and Fittings by Automatic Machines, Copper Tubes and Pipes, Cold Drawn Welded Tubes Double Walled Braized Tubes, Collapsible Printed Tubes, ERW Galvanized Steel Pipes, ERW Steel Oxylance Tubes and Pipes, Ebonite Rods, Sheet and Tubes, G.I. Pipe from Scraps, Laminated Tube (Multilayer), M.S. Pipes Fitting, Galvanised M.S. Pipes Fitting for Pipes, Folding Tubes for Folding Umbrella, Oxygen Lancing Pipe, Pipe Galvanising Plant, Metallic Pipe, M.S. Pipes, Muffler and Silencer Pipes For Four Wheeler, Lightening Tube Tubular Steel Poles (Steel Tube and Poles), Steel Tubes & P.V.C. Pipes, Seamless M.S. Tubes and Pipes, HDPE Pipes & Fittings, High Pressure Hose Pipe, L.P.G. Gas Pipe, Agricultural Pipe (Kisan Pipe), Submerged Arc Welded Pipes, Plastic collapsible Tubes and Printing, Unplasticised PVC Pipe, HDPE Corrugated Pipe, Ductile Pipe, PVC Granules and Rigid Pipes, ERW Tube Mill, OCTG Tube & Fittings, Longitudinally Submerged Arc Welded Pipes (L Saw Pipes), Alloy Steel Seamless Pipes, Plant Economics of Brass Pipe Fitting, Plant Economics of CPVC Pipe and Fitting Plant, Plant Economics of Double Wall Corrugated (DWC) HDPE Pipes Plant Economics of Ductile Pipe Manufacturing Plant, Plant Economics of ERW MS Hollow Pipes, Plant Economics of HDPE and PLB Pipe Manufacturing Unit, Plant Economics of HDPE Pipe Manufacturing Unit, Plant Economics of LPG Suraksha Hose (Rubber Tubes - Domestic & Commercial), Plant Economics of MS Pipe and Tube, Plant Economics of o-pvc Pipe Plant, Plant Economics of PVC Conduit Pipe Manufacturing Plant, Plant Economics of PVC Pipes and Fittings (Production Capacity - 10 TPD), Plant Economics of Spiral Welded Pipe (HSAW Pipe), Plant Economics of SS Tube Mill, Plant Economics of Steel Pipe Plant.


      Chapter 1

      The Basics of Piping System

      Pipe Sizes

      Important

      The European designation

      Pipe Schedules (SCH)

      How to calculate Schedule?

      Internal Diameter (ID) of pipe

      Piping Dimensional Standards

      Dimensional Tolerances

      Nominal pipe size

      Wall Thickness

      Pressure-Temperature Relationship

      Difference between pipe and tube

      Frequently used pipe materials

      Carbon Steel

      Alloy Steel

      Stainless Steel

      Austenitic Steel

      Type 304L

      400 Series Stainless Steel

      Ferritic Steel

      Martensitic Steel

      Duplex Stainless Steel

      Cast Iron/Ductile Iron

      Galvanized Pipe

      Titanium

      Copper, Brass, Copper Nickel Alloys

      Plastic Piping Systems

      Grades


      Chapter 2

      Manufacturing of Square and Circular Pipes

      Pipe Construction

      Electric Resistance Welding (ERW)

      Submerged Arc Welded (SAW)

      Seamless (SMLS)

      Important

      Fluid Flow Basics

      Hydraulic Diameter

      Reynolds Number

      Square Pipe Flow Characteristics

      Square Pipe Hydraulic Diameter

      Square Pipe Reynolds Number

      Round Pipe Flow Characteristics

      Round Pipe Hydraulic Diameter

      Round Pipe Reynolds Number

      Comparative Analysis: Square Pipe Vs. Round Pipe

      Fluid Flow Efficiency

      Pressure Drop

      Material Usage

      Cost Considerations

      Factors Influencing Pipe Selection

      Applications

      Material Compatibility

      Ferrous Pipe-Making Processes

      Iron-Making

      Steel-Making

      Pipe- and Tube-Forming Processes

      UgineSejournet Type Extrusion Processes

      Forged Seamless Pipe

      Forged and Bored Seamless Pipe

      Hollow Forged Seamless Pipe Erhardt Type Process

      Welded Pipe

      Furnace-Welded (Continuous or Butt-Welded) Pipe

      Fusion-Welded Pipe

      Electric Resistance-Welded Pipe

      Spiral Welded Pipe

      Cast Pipe

      Vertical Pit Process

      Horizontal Process

      Centrifugally Cast-Iron Pipe

      Cast-Steel Pipe

      Cold-Wrought Steel Pipe

      Nonferrous Pipe-Making Processes

      Aluminum and Aluminum Alloy Tube and Pipe

      Copper and Copper Alloy Tube and Pipe

      Hot Piercing Process

      Extrusion Process

      Cold-Drawing Process

      Other Processes

      Nickel and Nickel-Alloy Pipe and Tube

      Titanium and Titanium-Alloy Tube and Pipe


      Chapter 3

      SS Pipes (202/304)

      Stainless Steel Pipe and Tube Manufacturing Process

      Tube mill Process description

      Basic SS pipe types

      Seamless Pipe

      Welded Pipe

      Pressure Pipes and Tubes

      Mechanical Tubes and Pipes

      Stainless Steel Aircraft Tubing

      Hydraulic-line tubing for aircraft

      Stainless steel corrosion-resistance tubing

      304 Stainless Steel Tubing

      Stainless Steel Fittings

      Stainless Steel Sanitary Tubing

      Applications and Benefits of Stainless Steel Tubing

      Applications of Stainless Steel Tubing

      Benefits of Stainless Steel Tubing

      Drawbacks of Stainless Steel Tubing

      Considerations When Selecting Stainless Steel Tubing

      Ductility, Strength and Toughness

      Form and Process

      Customer Preferences

      Material Cost and Availability

      Grades of SS Pipes

      Automatic Steel Pipe Making Machine


      Chapter 4

      UPVC/CPVC and HDPE Pipe Manufacturing Unit

      UPVC

      Most prominent applications of a UPVC

      HDPE Pipe

      Applications of HDPE Pipes

      VC Pipes

      About the production of plastic pipe

      Mixing

      Bundling

      Extrusion

      Injection molding

      Rotational Moulding

      Fabricated Fittings

      Machine used to make PVC Pipe

      Die head

      Screw barrel

      Vacuum tank

      Traction machine

      Pipe cutting machine

      Tipping machine

      High-speed heater cooler mixer

      Raw materials used in manufacturing PVC pipes

      PVC resin applications

      Products for PVC-based applications:

      Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resin

      Titanium dioxide (TiO2)

      Calcium carbonate (CaCO3)

      PVC pipes Uses

      PVC pipes uses

      Water supply

      Drainage

      Chemical industry

      Challenges faced by PVC Pipe Manufacturers

      Competitor representative

      Quality product range

      Benefits of using PVC pipes

      Advantages of PVC water pipe

      Differences between PVC, CPVC, and uPVC

      CPVC

      UPVC

      Difference between UPVC and CPVC

      Manufacturing Process

      Mechanical Properties

      Chemistry

      Installation

      Applications

      Difference between PVC and UPVC

      Manufacturing stage

      Application

      Disposal

      Safety and Risks

      Difference between CPVC and PVC

      Lifespan

      Material Type

      Risk of breakage

      Water Effects

      Temperature

      Machinery Photographs

      Process Flow Chart


      Chapter 5

      PVC Pipes and Fittings

      India PVC Pipes and Fittings Market

      Types of pvc fittings

      PVC Pipe Used For

      PVC Pipes Made from

      Different Types Of Pvc Fittings

      Tees

      Elbow

      Cross

      Coupling And Connection

      Cap And Plug

      PVC pipe fittings

      Adapter (Female And Male)

      Bushings

      Nipple

      Flanges

      Hydraulic Fittings

      Hydraulic Fittings Used For

      DWV PVC Pipe Fittings

      Different Sizes of Pvc Fittings

      The Challenges of PVC Pipe Manufacturing

      Increased Extruder Friction

      Differentiating From Competitors

      Providing a Comprehensive Product Range

      DRTS PVC Pipe Production Lines

      How are PVC Pipes made?

      PVC Pipes Manufacturing Process

      Applicable Standards for PVC Piping

      Heat Tracing of PVC piping


      Chapter 6

      PVC Conduit Pipe Manufacturing Plant

      Difference between PVC pipe and PVC conduit

      Advantages in applications

      PVC conduit fittings and their functions

      Conduit Bodies and Juction Boxes

      Bends and Elbows

      Coupling

      Bushings and Locknuts

      Unions

      Reducers

      Straps and Clips

      Manufacturing Process

      Raw Materials Preparing

      Mixing Additives Formula

      Loading & Feeding Materials

      Extruding & Vacuum Shape

      Cooling

      Information Printing

      Cutting

      Quality Inspection

      Packing & Shipment

      Manufacturing Flow chart


      Chapter 7

      Steel Pipe Plant

      Steel Pipes

      Stainless Steel

      Carbon Steel

      Uses

      Key Factors

      Raw Materials

      The Manufacturing Process

      Fig. Process Flowchart

      Main production process

      of hot-rolled seamless steel pipe

      Ingot production

      Producing blooms and slabs

      Further processing

      Pipe making

      Final processing

      Quality Control

      Seamless Steel Pipe Production Process Flowchart


      Chapter 8

      Spiral Welded Pipe (HSAW Pipe)

      Production Methodology

      The Making of Helical Spiral

      Spiral Welded Pipe Production Porcess

      Spiral Welded Pipe Mill


      Chapter 9

      O-PVC Pipe Plant

      Different Types of Additives and Their Functions

      Types of additives

      The Technology

      The Benefits

      The Raw Materials of PVC

      PVC Manufacturing Process

      The Emulsion Processes of Making PVC

      Suspension Polymerization

      Emulsion Polymerization

      Bulk Polymerization

      PVC-O Plant


      Chapter 10

      Double Wall Corrugated (DWC) HDPE Pipes

      Uses of DWC HDPE Pipes:

      Merits of DWC HDPE Pipes

      Technical Specification of DWC HDPE Pipes

      Advantage of Dwc

      Unique Features

      Standard

      Availables Size (DWC Pipes)

      Manufacturing – HDPE Double Wall Corrugated Pipes

      Future – HDPE Double Wall Corrugated Pipes

      Joints & Fittings (DWC)

      The production process of double wall corrugated pipe

      Preparation of the raw material

      Provision of the raw material

      Receiving and storing of the raw material

      Extrusion

      Corrugation

      Calibration

      Confirmation and final product tests

      Performance and Advantages

      Single Wall Corrugated (SWC) Pipe

      Features:

      Advantages Features (SWC)

      Sizes Available

      Product Details:


      Chapter 11

      MS Pipe and Tube

      Features of MS Pipes

      MS Pipe Specifications

      Applications of MS Pipes:

      Properties of Mild Steel Pipes

      Pipe Manufacturing Process

      MS Pipe Making Machine

      MS Slitting Machine

      Rolling Mill Machinery


      Chapter 12

      Brass Pipe Fitting

      Brass Fittings Used For

      Types of Brass Fittings

      Compression Fittings

      Tee Fittings

      Elbow Fittings

      Cross Fittings

      Coupling Fittings

      Cap Fittings

      Plug Fittings

      Nipple Fittings

      Union Fittings

      Valve Fittings

      Benefits of Brass Fittings In Plumbing

      Brass Manufacturing Process

      Machining and Cutting of Brass Pipe, Bar and Tube

      Production Techniques for Brass Fittings

      The Most Advanced Feature

      Brass Pipe Fittings Making Machine

      Process Flow Diagram


      Chapter 13

      Inner Grooved Copper Tube

      Inner Grooved Copper Tube Standard

      Inner Grooved Copper Tube Package

      Inner Grooved Copper Tube Product Code

      Inner Grooved Copper Tube Technical Data

      Inner Grooved Copper Tube Specification

      Types of Copper Tube

      Identification of Copper Tube

      Roll Groove Joints

      Preliminary Requirements

      Benefits to use Inner Groove Copper Tube:

      Manufacturing

      Embodiment of Manufacturing Method

      Typical copper tube manufacturing process


      Chapter 14

      SS Tube Mill

      Use of stainless steel

      Stainless steel categories and grades

      Ferritic stainless steel

      Ferritic high temperature grades

      Duplex stainless steel

      Austenitic stainless steel

      Cr-Ni grades

      Cr-Mn grades

      Cr-Ni-Mo

      High performance austenitics

      High temperature austenitic grades

      Chromium (Cr)

      Nickel (Ni)

      Molybdenum (Mo)

      Copper (Cu)

      Manganese (Mn)

      Silicon (Si)

      Carbon (C)

      Nitrogen (N)

      Titanium (Ti)

      Niobium (Nb)

      Aluminium (Al)

      Cobalt (Co)

      Vanadium (V)

      Tungsten (W)

      Sulphur (S)

      Cerium (Ce)

      Effect on microstructure

      Stainless steel production

      Raw materials

      Ferrochrome

      Meltshop

      Hot rolling

      Hot strip rolling

      Hot plate rolling

      Annealing and pickling of hot rolled products

      Sizes of Pipes

      Sizes for Stainless Steel Tube

      Seamless tube and pipe

      Pierce and pilger rolling process

      Plug rolling process

      Stainless Steel Tube Mill Machine

      Decoiler

      Shearing and butt-welding machine

      Main driving system ss tube machine


      Chapter 15

      LPG Suraksha Hose (Rubber Tubes - Domestic & Commercial)

      Introduction

      Uses & Market Potential

      Raw Material

      Manufacturing Process

      Manufacturing Process

      Raw materials weighing and mixing

      Extrusion (inner tube) Linning

      Vulcanization of inner tube

      Braiding/Reinforcement

      Cementing

      Drying in steam chamber

      Extrusion (outer tube)/cover

      Mounting on Mandrel

      Vulcanisation/Curing

      Demandrelling and Quality Check

      Cutting

      Packing

      Marking

      Product Description


      Chapter 16

      RCC Hume Pipes

      Process of casting hume pipe

      Indian Hume Pipe Specification

      Class

      Length

      Diameter of RCC Hume Pipe

      Joints

      Design

      ISI Marked RCC Pipes

      Hume pipe selection and laying guidelines

      Types of rcc pipes manufacturing processes:

      Advantages and disadvantages of both processes

      Manufacturing

      After Molding

      Marking

      Curing

      Quality Control and Standards

      External Load Crushing Strength Test

      Hydrostatic Test

      Concrete Pipe Making Machine


      Chapter 17

      HDPE and PLB Pipe Manufacturing Unit

      Advantages of Prime PLB HDPE Duct

      Specifications - HDPE Ducts

      Major Applications of HDPE Pipes are:

      Agriculture

      Submarine & Underwater Pipeline

      Gas/Compressed Air System

      Hydro-Transport Systems

      Chemicals & Edibles Transport

      Effluent & Waste Water Disposal Systems

      HDPE Pipe Production Waste

      HDPE pipe production equipments

      Single Screw Extruder

      Extruder Die

      6/9M Vacuum Calibration Tank

      6/9M Spray cooling tank

      Planetary Cutter

      HDPE-PPR Pipe Extrusion Lines

      Features

      HDPE pipe manufacturing process flow chart


      Chapter 18

      Asbestos Cement Pressure Pipe and Fitting

      Indian Standard Number with Product Title and Number of Amendments

      Raw Materials/Components

      Infrastructure for production

      Trenches for Laying Asbestos Cement Pipes

      Jointing of Asbestos Cement Pipes

      Cast Iron Detachable Joints

      Asbestos Cement Coupling

      Laying of Fittings

      Anchorages for Asbestos Cement Pipe

      Manufacturing Process and In-process Quality Controls

      Asbestos Cement Pipe Making Machine


      Chapter 19

      Cement Concrete Pipe

      Types of Concrete Pipes

      Prestressed Concrete Cylinder Pipe (PCCP)

      Reinforced Concrete Cylinder Pipes (RCP)

      Reinforced Concrete Noncylinder Pipes

      Pretensioned Concrete Cylinder Pipe

      Advantages of Concrete Pipes

      Types of Prestressed Concrete Pipes

      Prestressed Concrete Lined Cylinder Pipes

      Prestressed Concrete Non-cylinder Pipes

      Concrete Pipes Manufacturing

      Manufacturing Methods of Prestressed Concrete Pipes

      Monolyte Construction

      Two Stage Construction

      Uses of Prestressed Concrete Pipes


      Chapter 20

      ERW Pipes

      Benefits of ERW GP Pipes and Tubes

      Manufacturing Process of ERW Pipes

      Manufacturing Process


      Chapter 21

      Pressure Concrete Pipes (Moulding Process)

      Types of Pre-stressed Concrete Pipes

      Advantages of Pressure Pipes

      Lined Cylinder Pipe (L-301) Features

      Advantages

      Joints

      Standard Joint for L-301, E-301 and B-303

      Deep Joint

      The Manufacturing Process

      Longitudinal Prestressing

      Batching & Mixing of concrete

      Spinning

      Demoulding

      Core Curing

      Winding

      Coating

      Curing

      Hydrostatic Testing

      Prestressed Concrete Cylinder Pipe Manu-facturing Process

      Bar-Wrapped Concrete Pressure Pipe


      Chapter 22

      R.C.C. Spun Pipe

      Technical Aspects

      Process of Manufacture

      Manufacturing Process Gallery

      RCC Spun Pipe Making Machine

      Concrete Feeding Conveyor for RCC pipe Making Machine

      Mould For RCC Concrete Spun Pipe Mould

      Manufacturing Process


      Chapter 23

      Salt Glazed Stoneware Pipes and Fittings

      Introduction

      Uses & Applications

      Uses

      Reasons why Stoneware Pipes 

      Longevity

      Structural Integrity

      Corrosion Resistance

      Good Flow Characteristics

      Abrasion Resistance

      Fire Resistant

      BIS Specification

      Hydraulic Test

      Absorption Test

      Acid Resistance Test

      Alkali Resistance Test

      Crushing Strength

      Tolerance in Internal Diameter

      Tolerance on length

      Tolerance on Thickness

      Deviation from straightness

      Glazing

      Transparent Glazing

      Lead glazing

      Salt glazing

      Opaque Glazing

      Laying of SW Pipes

      Manufacturing Process

      Shaping

      Drying and glazing

      Firing

      Subsequent treatment

      Tunnel kilns

      Recycling in the ceramic industry


      Chapter 24

      Ceramic Cores and Tubes

      Features

      Benefits

      Pipes made from ROCAR® Silicon Carbide Ceramics

      Tubes made from Rubalit® Alumina Ceramics

      Silicate Ceramic Thermo-couple or Circuit Breaker Tubes

      Ceramic multi-channel Tubes for Filtration

      Ceramic Machining

      Principles of Ceramic Machining

      What is Ceramic Machining?

      Why Ceramics Have to be Machined

      How is Ceramic Machining Performed?

      Making Ceramics

      Mixing

      Sintering

      Considerations in Ceramic Machining

      Deformation in Ceramic Products

      Cracking in Ceramic Products

      Foaming in Ceramic Products

      Ceramic Machining Methods

      Abrasive Machining

      Grinding Process

      Honing Process

      Ultrasonic Machining Process

      Lapping and Polishing Process

      Liquid Abrasive Jet-Cutting Process

      Non-Abrasive Machining

      Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM)

      Laser Beam Cutting

      Friction Cutting and Microwave Cutting Processes

      Combined Methods

      Thermally-Assisted Turning Process

      Mechanical-Electrical Discharge

      Chemical-Electrical Discharge

      Green Ceramic Machining (GCM)

      Guidelines for Machining Ceramics

      Results of Incorrect or Improper Machining of Ceramics

      Categories and Types of Ceramics

      Pottery Ceramics

      Earthenware

      Porcelain

      Stoneware

      Advanced Ceramics

      Fire Bricks

      Tungsten Carbides

      Bone China

      Glass Ceramics

      Silicon

      Silicon Carbide

      Silicon Nitride

      Boron Carbide

      Structural Ceramics

      Refractory Ceramics

      Electrical Ceramics

      Magnetic Ceramics

      Abrasive Ceramics

      Advantages, Disadvantages and Applications of Ceramics in Ceramic Machining

      Advantages of Ceramics in Ceramic Machining

      Disadvantages of Ceramics in Ceramic Machining

      Applications of Ceramics in Ceramic Machining

      The Difficulties of Machining Ceramics

      Ceramics Manufacturing

      Injection Molding

      Slip Casting

      Dry Pressing

      The Stages of Ceramics Processing

      Milling

      Sizing, Batching and Mixing

      Forming

      Glazing

      Firing


      Chapter 25

      Glass Tubes (Glass Shells)

      Manufacturing Process

      Drawing direction horizontal

      Drawing direction downwards (down-draw)

      Drawing direction vertically upwards (vertical drawing)

      Further procedures

      Modifying

      Applications


      Chapter 26

      Sewerage Pipe (Ceramic)

      Advantages of ceramic pipelines

      The disadvantages of ceramic sewage

      Manufacturing Procedure

      Raw Materials

      Raw Materials Preparation

      The shaping of Pipes:

      Drying

      Glazing and Setting

      Firing

      Final Inspection


      Chapter 27

      Aluminium Collapsible Tubes

      Uses & Applications

      Production Process of aluminium tubes

      Mechanical process

      Mechanical process

      Internal coating

      Printing process

      End of the line


      Chapter 28

      C.I. Pipes, Fittings and Manholes

      Benefits

      Uses

      Cast iron pipes for water supply

      Sand spun cast iron straight pipes

      Continuous cast iron straight pipes

      Cast iron pipes for drainage

      Types of Cast Iron

      Grey Cast Iron

      White Cast Iron

      Ductile Cast Iron

      Wrought Iron

      Mondi Iron

      Jointing of Cast Iron piping

      Applicable Codes and Standards

      Manufacturing process of pipes

      Manufacturing process of ductile iron pipe:

      Manhole manufacturing

      Raw Materials

      Design

      The Manufacturing Process

      Pattern making

      Mold preparation

      Melting/pouring

      Cooling

      Finishing

      Quality Control

      Byproducts/Waste


      Chapter 29

      Conduit Pipes and Fittings by Automatic Machines

      Introduction

      Products and its application

      Industry outlook and trend

      Raw material requirements

      Manufacturing process

      Automatic Pvc Pipe Socketing Machine

      75 HP Pipe Plant

      Pvc Extruder

      Plastic Pipe Extrusion Line

      PVC Conduit Pipe Plant


      Chapter 30

      Copper Tubes and Pipes

      Copper Tube Production Process

      Continous Casting and Rolling

      Combined drawing

      Drawing the final product

      Coiling the tubes into Level Wound Coil (LWC) or Pancake coil (PC)

      Annealing

      Packing


      Chapter 31

      Cold Drawn Welded Tubes Double Walled Braized Tubes

      Manufacturing Process of Cold Drawn Steel Tube

      Step 1: Raw material preparation

      Step 2: Heating

      Step 3: Piercing

      Step 4: Pulling

      Step 5: Cut

      Double Walled Braized Tubes 

      Reference Numbers

      T Annealing line A Elongation line

      Tube Brazing

      How Does Tube Brazing Work?

      Plan for Expansion and Contraction

      Clean the Metals

      Flux the Parts

      Assemble Parts for Brazing

      Braze the Parts

      Clean the Brazed Joint


      Chapter 32

      Collapsible Printed Tubes

      Uses & Applications

      Adhesives and Rubber Solutions Industry:

      Toiletry & Cosmetics:

      Food Products:

      Pharmaceutical Industry:

      Paints and Inks:

      Metal Tubes

      Aluminum Tubest

      Plastic Tubes

      Plastic tubes

      Laminate tubes

      The processes of making collapsible aluminum tubes

      Step #1: Slug Extrusion, Tube Trimming & Annealing

      Step #2: Internal Lacquer

      Step #3: External Coating & Printing

      Step #4: Capping

      Step #5: Latex Lining

      Aluminium collapsible tube production line

      Automatic Tube Heading Machine

      Laminated Tubes Making Machine


      Chapter 33

      ERW Galvanized Steel Pipes

      Use & Application Of Steel Pipes/Tubes

      ERW Pipes and Tube Manufacturing Process

      High-Frequency Welding Process

      High-Frequency Induction Welding

      High-Frequency Contact Welding

      Rotary Contact Wheel Welding Process

      Cold-forming

      Passage of current

      Forming

      Welding

      Sizing and Cutting

      Pipe Production Process


      Chapter 34

      ERW Steel Oxylance Tubes and Pipes

      Principles of operation

      Characteristics

      Oxygen lance tube for decarburizey

      Oxygen lance tube are used for opening furnace tap holes

      Oxygen lance tube for cleaning ladle well blocks

      Oxygen lance tube are used for unclogging tundish nozzles

      Oxygen lance tube are used for cutting skulls

      Oxygen lance tube are used for cleaning up spillages

      Oxygen Lance and Blowing Practice


      Chapter 35

      Ebonite Rods, Sheet and Tubes

      Properties

      Applications

      Manufacturing Processes of Ebonite Rods

      Mix natural rubber, sulfur and ebonite powder using a roll

      Cut the mixture into thin rectangles

      Set up and adjust the extruder to necessary diameter

      Inject ebonite materials into the extruder to make rods

      This is how ebonite is ejected from the extruder

      Pre-vulcanized ebonite is still soft

      Place in cans

      Steam ebonite in the steam boiler for several days

      Machine for Molding Ebonite Plate

      Machinery for Making Ebonite Rod

      Ebonite Plate Vulcanizing Machine


      Chapter 36

      G.I. Pipe from Scraps

      Advantages of galvanized pipe

      Application of galvanized pipe

      The Manufacturing Process

      Ingot production

      Producing blooms and slabs

      Further processing

      Pipe making

      Final processing


      Chapter 37

      Laminated Tube (Multilayer)

      Manufacturing Process

      Multi-Layer Production Flow-chart


      Chapter 38

      M.S. Pipes Fitting

      MS Fittings Types

      Elbows Manufacturing Process

      Mandrel method (Hot Forming)

      Extrusion Method

      UO Method

      Hot Forming Method

      Tee Manufacturing Process

      Hydraulic Bulge Method

      Hot Extrusion Method

      Reducer Manufacturing Process

      Outer Die Method

      Cap Manufacturing Process

      Deep Drawing Method

      Stubend Manufacturing Process

      Flaring Method

      Fitting Heat Treatment


      Chapter 39

      Galvanised M.S. Pipes Fitting for Pipes

      Manufacturing Process

      Materials Used in Piping Systems

      Role of Gender in Pipe Fittings

      Manufacturing Process of Pipe Fittings

      Buttweld Pipe Fittings

      Forged Fittings (Forged Socket Weld Pipe Fittings & Forged Threaded Pipe Fittings)


      Chapter 40

      Folding Tubes for Folding Umbrella

      Raw Materials

      The Manufacturing Process

      The shaft

      Ribs and stretchers

      Canopy

      The Making of Umbrella

      Shaft

      Ribs and Stretchers

      Canopy


      Chapter 41

      Oxygen Lancing Pipe

      Lancing Pipe Uses

      Oxygen Lance Pipes Manufacturing

      First Application: Opening Tap Hole

      Second Application: Cleaning Ladle Furnace

      Final Application: Removing Slags


      Chapter 42

      Pipe Galvanising Plant

      Benefits of Hot Dip Galvanizing

      Galvanizing Furnace

      Material used in manufacturing the kettle

      Benefits of galvanization


      Chapter 43

      Metallic Pipe

      Mandrel Mill Process

      Mannesmann Plug Mill Pipe Manufacturing Process

      Forged Seamless Pipe Manufacturing Process

      Extrusion Processes

      Welded Pipe Manufacturing Process

      ERW Steel Pipe Manufacturing Process

      SAW Pipe Manufacturing Process


      Chapter 44

      M.S. Pipes

      Mild Steel Pipes

      Features of MS Pipes

      MS Pipe Specifications:

      Applications of MS Pipes:

      Plant Economics of MS Pipe and Tube

      Process Flow Chart


      Chapter 45

      Muffler and Silencer Pipes For Four Wheeler

      Types of Mufflers (Types of Silencer)

      Baffle Type Muffler: (Types of Muffler)

      Wave Cancellation Type Muffler: (Types of Muffler)

      Resonance Type Muffler: (Types of Muffler)

      Absorber Type Muffler: (Types of Muffler)

      Combined Type Muffler: (Types of Muffler)

      Muffler Manufacturing Equipment

      Cold End Manufacturing Line Lock Seaming Double Flange Baffle Inserting Double Seaming Leak Test

      Resonator (Jacket) Boxing

      Pipe Processing Line

      Lock Seaming Machine

      Double Flanging Machine

      Muffler Forming Line

      Baffle Inserting Machine

      Exhaust System Welding Line

      Double Seaming Machine

      Ridge Locking Machine

      Pipe Bending Machine

      Customized Pipe Bending Tooling

      Pipe End Forming Machine

      Pipe Chamfering Machine


      Chapter 46

      Lightening Tube Tubular Steel Poles (Steel Tube and Poles)

      Swaged Type

      Technical Specification for Tubular Steel Poles

      Standard

      Lightening Steel Poles:

      Facilities

      Product Range

      Application

      Light pole production process

      Metal plate cutting

      Bend forming

      Welding

      Repairing & Grinding

      Shaping

      Flatten end face

      Welding bottom flange & rib plate

      Opening door

      Welding door strip, electrical bar, lock seat

      Bend fork

      Galvanized

      Inspection before galvanizing

      Pickling

      Zinc additive

      Galvanizing

      Spray

      Polishing

      Straighten

      Equip door

      Install door panel

      Factory inspection

      Final thoughts


      Chapter 47

      Steel Tubes & P.V.C. Pipes

      Steel tube Manufacturing Process

      Seamless Tube Manufacturing Process

      Preparing the stainless steel sheets

      Rolling through rollers

      Rollers Through the fitted welding machine

      Cleaning and heating of rolled seamless tubes

      The cold-drawing process

      Final touches

      P.V.C. Pipes

      Types of PVC Pipes

      Application of PVC Pipes

      Description of PVC Pipes Manufacturing Machine

      Manufacturing unit

      PVC Pipes Manufacturing Process

      Machinery & Equipment’s required

      Machine is used to make PVC Pipe

      Die head

      Screw barrel

      Vacuum tank

      Traction machine

      Pipe cutting machine

      Tipping machine

      High-speed heater cooler mixer


      Chapter 48

      Seamless M.S. Tubes and Pipes

      Manufacturing Process:

      Seamless Tube Plant


      Chapter 49

      HDPE Pipes & Fittings

      Applications/Uses

      Civil Engineering

      Building

      Agricultural

      Industrial

      Mining

      Marine/Aquaculture

      Manufacturing HDPE Pipes

      Accumulation of Raw Material

      Melting the raw material

      Extrusion and dying

      Vacuum and pressure calibration

      Cooling bath

      Haul off unit

      Cutting unit


      Chapter 50

      High Pressure Hose Pipe

      Production Process of High Pressure Rubber Hose

      Installation Tips of High Pressure Rubber Hose


      Chapter 51

      L.P.G. Gas Pipe

      Uses

      Raw Material

      Manufacturing Process


      Chapter 52

      Agricultural Pipe (Kisan Pipe)


      Chapter 53

      Submerged Arc Welded Pipes

      Selection of flux and wire

      Submerged arc welded steel pipe production process

      Mainly usage

      SAW Welded Pipe Manufacturing Method


      Chapter 54

      Plastic collapsible Tubes and Printing

      Digital Heat Transfer Printing

      How Screen Printing Plastic and other Materials Works

      Screen Printing Plastic Substrates

      Printing Applications


      Chapter 55

      Unplasticised PVC Pipe

      Difference between uPVC and PVC

      Applications

      Manufacturing Process


      Chapter 56

      HDPE Corrugated Pipe

      Usage Areas

      Manufacturing Process

      Extrusion

      Rotational Molding

      How plastic pipe fittings are made

      Injection Molding

      Fabrication

      Corrugated Pipe Production line Flow chart

      Single wall corrugated pipe extrusion line

      Double wall corrugated pipe

      Corrugated Pipe Production line

      Cutting machine + stacker or winding machine

      Extruder


      Chapter 57

      Ductile Pipe

      What is ductile iron?

      Materials used for manufacturing process

      Machines used for manufacturing process

      Blast furnace

      Centrifugal casting machine

      Blast furnace image

      Annealing furnace

      Designing Process

      Pipespec software

      PAMCAD Design software

      Benefits:

      Manufacturing Process


      Chapter 58

      PVC Granules and Rigid Pipes

      PVC Granules

      PVC granules: the characteristics of the material

      PVC granules: the production

      Uses For PVC Granules

      Rigid Pipes

      Rigid PVC Pros

      Rigid PVC Cons

      Applications

      Features

      Manufacturing Process of Rigid PVC Pipes

      Extrusion

      Sizing

      Processing Tests

      Traction

      Cutting

      Machinery required

      Machinery Photographs


      Chapter 59

      ERW Tube Mill

      Features

      ERW Steel Pipe Making Machine

      Machine parts details ERW Tube Mill Line

      ERW pipe mill line


      Chapter 60

      OCTG Tube & Fittings

      OCTG Pipe Manufacturing Process

      Productive process of OCTG casing and tubing

      Technological Process

      Ingot heating

      Rolling and sizing

      Cooling

      Non-destructive Testing

      Coupling thread

      Hydraulic test


      Chapter 61

      Longitudinally Submerged Arc Welded Pipes (L Saw Pipes)

      Specification of longitudinal submerged arc welded steel pipes (LSAW pipes)

      The LSAW Steel Pipe manufacturing flow chart:


      Chapter 62

      Alloy Steel Seamless Pipes

      Seamless steel pipe manufacturing process

      Main production process of cold-rolled (drawn) seamless steel pipe

      Main production process of hot-rolled seamless steel pipe


      Chapter 63

      Plant Economics of Brass Pipe Fitting

      Plant Economics

      Land & Building

      Plant & Machinery

      Fixed Capital

      Working Capital Requirement/Month

      Total Capital Investment

      Turn Over/Annum


      Chapter 64

      Plant Economics of CPVC Pipe and Fitting Plant

      Plant Economics

      Land & Building

      Plant & Machinery

      Fixed Capital

      Working Capital Requirement/Month

      Total Capital Investment

      Turn Over/Annum


      Chapter 65

      Plant Economics of Double Wall Corrugated (DWC) HDPE Pipes

      Plant Economics

      Land & Building

      Plant & Machinery

      Fixed Capital

      Working Capital Requirement/Month

      Total Capital Investment

      Turn Over/Annum


      Chapter 66

      Plant Economics of Ductile Pipe Manufacturing Plant

      Plant Economics

      Land & Building

      Plant & Machinery

      Fixed Capital

      Working Capital Requirement/Month

      Total Capital Investment

      Turn Over/Annum


      Chapter 67

      Plant Economics of ERW MS Hollow Pipes

      Plant Economics

      Land & Building

      Plant & Machinery

      Utility Equipments

      Fixed Capital

      Working Capital Requirement/Month

      Total Capital Investment

      Turn Over/Annum


      Chapter 68

      Plant Economics of HDPE and PLB Pipe Manufacturing Unit

      Plant Economics

      Plant & Machinery

      Fixed Capital

      Working Capital Requirement/Month

      Total Capital Investment

      Turn Over/Annum


      Chapter 69

      Plant Economics of HDPE Pipe Manufacturing Unit

      Plant Economics

      Land & Building

      Plant & Machinery

      Fixed Capital

      Working Capital Requirement/Month

      Total Capital Investment

      Turn Over/Annum


      Chapter 70

      Plant Economics of LPG Suraksha Hose (Rubber Tubes - Domestic & Commercial)

      Plant Economics

      Land & Building

      Plant & Machinery

      Fixed Capital

      Working Capital Requirement/Month

      Total Capital Investment

      Turn Over/Annum


      Chapter 71

      Plant Economics of MS Pipe and Tube

      Plant Economics

      Land & Building

      Plant & Machinery

      Fixed Capital

      Working Capital Requirement/Month

      Total Capital Investment

      Turn Over/Annum


      Chapter 72

      Plant Economics of o-pvc Pipe Plant

      Plant Economics

      Land & Building

      Plant & Machinery

      Fixed Capital

      Working Capital Requirement/Month

      Total Capital Investment

      Turn Over/Annum


      Chapter 73

      Plant Economics of PVC Conduit Pipe Manufacturing Plant

      Plant Economics

      Land & Building

      Plant & Machinery

      Fixed Capital

      Working Capital Requirement/Month

      Total Capital Investment

      Turn Over/Annum


      Chapter 74

      Plant Economics of PVC Pipes and Fittings (Production Capacity - 10 TPD)

      Plant Economics

      Land & Building

      Plant & Machinery

      Fixed Capital

      Working Capital Requirement/Month

      Total Capital Investment

      Turn Over/Annum


      Chapter 75

      Plant Economics of Spiral Welded Pipe (HSAW Pipe)

      Plant Economics

      Land & Building

      Plant & Machinery

      Fixed Capital

      Working Capital Requirement/Month

      Total Capital Investment

      Turn Over/Annum


      Chapter 76

      Plant Economics of SS Tube Mill

      Plant Economics

      Land & Building

      Plant & Machinery

      Fixed Capital

      Working Capital Requirement/Month

      Total Capital Investment

      Turn Over/Annum


      Chapter 77

      Plant Economics of Steel Pipe Plant

      Plant Economics

      Land & Building

      Plant & Machinery

      Fixed Capital

      Working Capital Requirement/Month

      Total Capital Investment

      Turn Over/Annum


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